Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
1) Discuss in detail the contributions made by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar Indian freedom struggle.(250 words)
Why this question:
Amidst the election season of 2019, National heroes have come to be vilified for petty political gain and Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was in the narrative too. Thus, its important for us to discuss his contributions.
Key demands of the question:
The answer must discuss in detail the contributions made by made by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar Indian freedom struggle.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In a few introductory lines present the character of Vinayak Damodar Savarkar.
The answer is straightforward and there is not much deliberation here. One must narrate the significant role played by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar in the anticolonial struggle and nationalism.
- He was a staunch patriot and was attracted to radical views and movements.
- He established the Free India Society to organise students to fight for India’s independence through a revolution. He declared, “we want absolute independence.”
- He authored a book “The History of the War of Indian Independence” in which he described the Indian Revolt of 1857 and referred to the British rule as unjust and oppressive. He became one of the first persons to allude to this revolt as India’s ‘first war of independence’. This book was banned in India but its secret publication and distribution was done.
- He is credited with coining the term ‘Hindutva’. He turned towards creating a Hindu national identity. He stressed on the unity of all Hindus and also talked about Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism as one with Hindu. He is regarded as a controversial figure today because of his ideology of a ‘Hindu Rashtra’. Despite this, he was an atheist and a rationalist.
- He also initiated the reconversion of those Hindus who had converted to other religions.
- He became the president of the Hindu Mahasabha from 1937 to 1943.
- He was hostile to Gandhi, especially for his Khilafat Movement which he described as ‘appeasement’.
Conclude by reasserting the significant role played by him in the freedom struggle.