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GSI report on Graphite reserves

GSI report on Graphite reserves

 

What to study?

For prelims: key features and recent findings by GSI.

For mains: need for enhancement of domestic production.

 

Context: Geological Survey of India (GSI) has released a report on graphite reserves in India. About 35 % of India’s total Graphite reserves is found in Arunachal Pradesh. This is the highest found in country.

 

Background:

As per GSI’s 2013 report, Arunachal Pradesh sits on 43% of the country’s graphite resources followed by Jammu & Kashmir (37%), Jharkhand (6%), Tamil Nadu (5%), and Odisha (3%).

 

Significance:

At present India imports majority of Graphite from other countries. With 35 % of India’s Graphite deposits being found in Arunachal Pradesh, the State could now be developed as leading producer of graphite in country thus helping in meeting its future needs.

 

About Graphite:

  • Graphite is a naturally-occurring form of crystalline carbon. It is a native element mineral found in metamorphic and igneous rocks.
  • It is extremely soft, cleaves with very light pressure, and has a very low specific gravity.
  • It is the only non-metal element that is a good conductor of electricity.
  • It is also known as a dry lubricant for its greasy feel.

 

Sources: the Hindu.