Topic: Disaster and disaster management.
7) Evaluate the role of Women in disaster management. Justify your answer with suitable examples.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article discusses in detail how women can play a role centric to managing disasters. Recently a project named ‘swayamsiddha’ in Odisha’s Ganjam district was initiated wherein women will be trained in evacuation, rescue, restoration and rehabilitation during natural calamities, especially cyclones.
Key demand of the question:
Discussion should be about vital role that women can play in managing disasters.
Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
In a few introductory lines highlight how Multi-stakeholder engagement is a fundamental element to managing disasters.
Many international strategies and frameworks have identified women as one of the key stakeholders in any disaster management efforts due to many reasons. Women play a significant role in disaster response and recovery stages specifically at household level. However, their roles in organizational decision making, particularly in disaster risk governance, is limited due to uncovered reasons. This has created equity and equality issues among one of the most affected communities from hazards.
The answer must attempt to explore and emphasize the role of women in disaster risk governance, risk governance efforts and overall disaster management and to uncover the barriers that limit their role in disaster risk governance.
Use examples from the article – Kerala floods, Odisha cyclone etc. to justify your answer.
Conclude with what should be the way forward.