Topic : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation.
6) CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology recently sequenced Asiatic lion genome. Discuss in what way such projects can be significant turning points in the conservation efforts of such endangered animals?(250 words)
Why this question:
For the first time, the entire genome of Asiatic lion has been sequenced by scientists from CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad.
The objective was to understand the species at DNA level and study if there were any specific problems with regard to adaptability to environment or behaviour vis-à-vis other big cats.
Key demand of the question:
Analyse in detail the project and Significance of the project and how it can prove to be a significant turning points in the conservation efforts of such endangered animals.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In a few introductory lines highlight some facts depicting the status of Asiatic Lion in India.
In brief discuss –
- Start by discussing the details of the project – What is genome sequencing? About Asiatic lion and CCMB.
- Highlight the significance of such a project – How it would help researchers to better understand the evolution of Asiatic lions and also make possible comparative analysis with other big cats.
- It would enable scientists to develop specific markers to study population genetics (the differences at the gene level within a population) and get newer insights into its population status and subsequent management.
- It will enable better disease and population management of the endangered big cat by identifying characteristics which are specific to Asiatic lions etc.
Conclude by reasserting the significance of such projects in the conservation efforts.