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4) Explain the significance of International Monitoring System (IMS) of Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO). How can it be relevant to India? Analyse. (250 words)

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

4) Explain the significance of International Monitoring System (IMS) of Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO). How can it be relevant to India? Analyse. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The executive secretary of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), has invited India to be an observer in the CTBT. Being an observer would give India access to data from the International Monitoring System (IMS). Thus, it is necessary for us to evaluate the same with examination point of view.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must briefly discuss the objective of International Monitoring System (IMS) of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) and the effect it has on India; one has to analyse India being an observer member what can be the possible repercussions.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines explain what is International Monitoring System (IMS) of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO)

Body

The body of the answer has to capture the following aspects:

  • Highlight the background – explain the invite India received to become an observatory member.
  • Discuss the objective – The International Monitoring System (IMS) is a worldwide network of monitoring stations that will help to verify compliance with the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) by detecting events that might indicate violations of the Treaty.
  • The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) is a multilateral treaty that bans all nuclear explosions, for both civilian and military purposes, in all environments. It was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1996, but has not entered into force.
  • India, North Korea and Pakistan have not signed it, but Pakistan is an observer.
  • Explain the relevance of it to India – Being an observer would give India access to data from the International Monitoring System. Also explain India’s stand on the same.

Conclusion

Conclude with way forward.