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1) Discuss the contribution of Gopal Krishna Gokhale in the freedom movement of India.(250 words)

Topic: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

1) Discuss the contribution of Gopal Krishna Gokhale in the freedom movement of India.(250 words)


Why this question:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid tributes to Freedom Fighter and social reformer Gopal Krishna Gokhale on his birth anniversary yesterday, in this context it is important for us to analyse the contribution made by Gopal Krishna Gokhale.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must elaborate on the role played by Gopal Krishna Gokhale during freedom struggle.

Directive word

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:


In a few introductory lines explain the significance of the role played by him in the freedom struggle.


The body of the answer has to capture the contributions made by him –

  • With respect to Indian National congress – He became a member of the Indian National Congress in 1889. He was the leader of the moderate faction of the Congress party.
  • In 1905, he was elected president of the Indian National Congress (Banaras Session).
  • He played a leading role in bringing about Morley-Minto Reforms, the beginning of constitutional reforms in India.
  • Member in British India Legislature: In 1899, Gokhale was elected to the Bombay Legislative Council and in 1901 he was elected to the Imperial Council of the Governor-General of India.
  • Servants of India Society: It was formed by him in Pune (Maharashtra) in 1905 to further the expansion of education in India. The Society organized mobile libraries, founded schools, and provided night classes for factory workers.
  • Ranade Institute of Economics: In 1908, he founded the ‘Ranade Institute of Economics’.
  • Mentor to Gandhi: In 1912, Gokhale visited South Africa at Gandhi’s invitation. He received personal guidance from Gokhale, including a knowledge and understanding of India and the issues confronting common Indians.
  • Hitavad: He launched the English weekly newspaper named The Hitavad (The people’s paper) in 1911.


Conclude with significance of the role played by him.