Topic: Role of women, social empowerment.
1) Ban on Caster Semenya reveals limits of trying to ensure equal opportunity while delineating between male, female athletes . Critically analyse. (250 words)
Why this question:
The Court of Arbitration for Sport recently rejected an appeal from 800m champion runner Caster Semenya to declare void a regulation that barred females with Differential Sex Disorders (DSD) from running in races between 400m and a mile without bringing down their testosterone levels to under 5 nmol/L. The decision sent shock-waves through track and field because it was discriminatory and exclusionary against women with naturally occurring high-testosterone.
Key demands of the question:
The answer must weigh the impact of such a decision that disfavors the women as a lesser gender. One must analyse the decision with a view of the affect it has on the society that we are in today which has moved far ahead from the parochial mindset of differentiating men and women on mere means of physical power.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
In a few introductory lines explain the backdrop of the situation.
Discuss the following aspects in the answer:
- How does the Ban on Caster Semenya reveals limits of trying to ensure equal opportunity while delineating between male, female athletes?
- Discuss the associated facts – Female bodies can produce testosterone as high as 7 to 29 nmol/L closer to the male range, far above the 1.79 nmol/L seen in 98.3 per cent of females.
- Relevance of Differential Sex Disorders (DSD).
- Why is the issue with Sports ?
- What needs to be done?
Conclude with way forward.