Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 06 May 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 06 May 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.


General Studies – 1


TopicSocial empowerment, communalism, socialism.

1) “The victims of capitalism have always been the disadvantaged sections of society” Critically analyse.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question is in the context of 200th birth anniversary of Karl Marx, which was celebrated  on May 5, 2018,yesterday. The article brings out the wisdom of Marxian philosophy and highlights its significance even as of today.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must discuss how Marxism as a science, as an ideology, and as a methodology keeps demonstrating its relevance every day. One has to analyse why the victims of capitalism have always been the disadvantaged sections of society.

Directive word

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines define capitalism.

Body

Discuss the following aspects in the answer:

  • What is capitalism ? what are its effects on the society ?
  • Discuss the reasons for presence of class conflict in society.
  • Capture the Indian context.
  • Demerits of Capitalism – unprecedented concentration of wealth in the hands of a few and a marked shift in the actual centers of power. Crony capitalism among the policy makers.
  • What are the dimensions/sectors hit by capitalism? – education, health, policy making, employment and jobs etc.
  • Discuss what needs to be done ? re assert the significance of Marxian philosophy.

Conclusion

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2) Discuss the Key objectives Pre-conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act. Analyse how effective has the act proven to be till date? Discuss in the light of recent Supreme court judgement. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

In a significant judgement, the supreme court upheld the provision of PC-PNDT Act, 1994 which ‘criminalizes’ non-maintenance of medical records by obstetricians and gynecologists and suspend their medical license. indefinitely.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must appreciate the salient features of the PCPNDT Act 1994 and comment on the performance and effectiveness of the Act. One must also suggest what needs to be done to further the actual agenda of the Act.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Brief upon the background of the context – highlight the recent SC verdict.

Body:

Body of the answer to discuss the following aspects :  

  • Salient features of Pre-conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act of 1994 –
  • It provides for the prohibition of sex selection, before or after conception.
  • It regulates the use of pre-natal diagnostic techniques only to detect genetic abnormalities, metabolic disorders, chromosomal abnormalities, certain congenital malformations, haemoglobinopathies and sex linked disorders.
  • The Central Supervisory Board (CSB) was constituted by the government under Section 7 to review and monitor implementation of the Act and rules made there under
  • It ‘criminalises’ non-maintenance of medical records by obstetricians and gynaecologists and suspend their medical licence indefinitely.
  • It mandates compulsory registration of all diagnostic laboratories, all genetic counselling centres, genetic laboratories, genetic clinics and ultrasound clinics.
  • Any person who puts an advertisement for pre-natal and pre-conception sex determination facilities through any media in electronic or print can be imprisoned and fined.
  • Discuss its performance and related issues – corrupt medical practitioners, illegal medical practice, demand of male child etc.
  • Suggest what should be done ? what steps should be taken to improvise the performance of the Act.

Conclusion:

Conclude with its significance.


Topic:  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests. Disaster and disaster management.

3) Do you think Disaster alleviation efforts in  needs its own ‘Ayushman Bharat’? Critically analyse in the light of recent onset of cyclone Fani that hit eastern coast of India.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the present conditions of preparedness India has with respect to onset of Disasters, the author presses on the need for a comprehensive method to deal, mitigate and stay prepared for disasters like Fani.

Key demand of the question:

The question expects us to elaborate on the need for a comprehensive approach to handle disasters , one has to focus on the aspects of preparedness in terms of provisions of Insurance to the disaster struck with respect to disaster management in the country.

Directive word:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief background of the situation facing eastern coastal India.

Body:

Discussion should include the following aspects –

  • What aspects of Disaster management are missing in the Indian scenario?
  • Explain why it is time to broaden the idea to cover asset losses of the disaster-struck?
  • Role of National Disaster and Management Authority (NDMA) visavis lack of insurance aspects.
  • Assert that it’s time to move to the next level and work out ways to minimize the loss of property and assets due to disasters. While there are always calls for the government to make ex-gratia payments, the burden is best borne by insurance, a much- neglected tool that spreads the risk of exposure to calamities across large populations.
  • Relate disaster management to the Ayushman Bharat of Health

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

4) What do you understand by currency swap? Discuss the pros and cons of currency swap and explain how it acts as a tool for quantitative easing of the Indian economy ?(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The question is in the light of recent move of RBI of the currency swap. The article discusses in detail as to how the central bank is using swaps as an indirect tool to loosen monetary policy, and in what ways it could result in an inflationary spurt later.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must provide for a detailed narration of the concept of currency swap, pros and cons and how it functions as a tool of quantitative easing with reference to the recent step taken by Reserve bank of India.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

Shortly narrate the context of the question.

Body:

Answers must discuss the following aspects :

  • In brief define what you understand by currency swap – A currency swap between two countries is an agreement or contract to exchange currencies (of the two countries or any hard currency) with predetermined terms and conditions. Often the popular form of currency swap is between two central banks
  • How does currency swap between countries work? – A currency swap is similar to an interest rate swap, except that in a currency swap, there is often an exchange of principal, while in an interest rate swap, the principal does not change hands. In currency swap, on the trade date, the counter parties exchange notional amounts in the two currencies.
  • What is the advantage of currency swap? – help mitigate the risk of unwanted interest rate fluctuations. For example, It may be more expensive to borrow in the United States than it is in Japan, or vice versa. In either circumstance, the domestic company has a competitive advantage in taking out loans from its home country. Its cost of capital is lower.
  • Context of India’s currency swap – Under the current swap auction, RBI will buy US dollars from banks totaling to $5 billion. Minimum bid size would be $25 million and in multiples of $1 million thereafter.
  • Discuss and list down the benefits and issues associated, take cues from the article.

Conclusion –

Conclude with way forward and state how the RBI’s latest move is in line with its easy monetary policy stance.


Topic :  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

5) Despite issues concerning convergence, the WTO needs to be sustained as an international platform to formulate trade rules and bring convergence on divergent matters. Comment.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

India is to host the second mini-ministerial meet of the World Trade Organization (WTO), on May 13-14, 2019. The article is in the backdrop of  interests of developing and least developed countries in global trade.

Key demand of the question:

One is expected to analyse in  detail the issues of convergence at the WTO between the developed and the developing countries. And what needs to be done to overcome it.

Directive word:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines explain the background of the context of the question.

Body:

In brief discuss –

  • Discuss the issues concerning WTO ? – investment facilitation, rules for e-commerce, gender equality and subsidy on fisheries etc.
  • Explain why is there a deadlock between group of countries at the WTO?
  • Discuss the need for negotiating these issues in a convergent manner.
  • Take hints from the article and form a balanced opinion on the issue.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the WTO needs to be sustained as countries need an international platform to formulate trade rules and bring convergence on divergent matters.


Topic:Awareness in the fields of Space.

6) “Space start-ups are the new sunrise industry”. Comment(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question is in the backdrop of the coming of NewSpace India Ltd. (NSIL) as a commercial entity of Department of space along with the existing Antrix – the commercial arm of Indian department of space.

Demand of the question:

This question seeks to examine the coming of space start ups as the new sunrise sector. In the last few years India has witnessed a boom and more than a dozen space focused startups have emerged. In such a scenario the coming of commercial arms makes a difference. One has to suggest and highlight the importance of such entiites.

Directive word:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with brief introduction of the space industry in India.

Body

Discuss the following points in detail:

  • Background – In February 2019, the Union Cabinet had cleared a new business arm for Department of Space (DoS). On March 6, 2019, the DoS registered NewSpace India Ltd. (NSIL) as its commercial entity.
  • NSIL is the second commercial entity of the Department of Space (DoS) after Antrix Corporation Limited, which was set up in 1992 to market the products and services of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).
  • What is the mandate of NSIL ? how will it effect space industry ?
  • Significance of Space startups in Indian scenario.

Conclusion

Conclude with way ahead.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

7) The relationships between ethics  and trust is mutually reinforcing. Comment. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon

Why this question:

The question is intended to evaluate  the interrelationship shared by the qualities of – ethics and trust and in what way they are mutually reinforcing.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss simply how ethics and trust are related.

Directive word:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines appreciate  what you understand by ethics and trust. define the terms.

Body:

  • Explain – What is the Relationship Between Ethics and Trust?
  • Proactive ethics is part of what it takes to build trust.
  • Building trust is part of what is required to maintain good ethics.
  • Ethical behavior and choices help build trust.
  • High trust environments encourage better ethics.
  • When trust is lost, people are less likely to uphold the organization’s ethics.
  • When ethics is absent, trust is elusive.
  • Discuss how If we lead in ways that are trustworthy, we are fulfilling an important part of our responsibility as ethical leaders. When it comes to leading ethically, trust is not a nice-to-have,  it’s a “must have.” If we lead ethically, that lets people know they can count on us, and being able to count on us builds trust with individuals and within the group.
  • Suggest Ethics and trust are inseparable. They travel together.
  • What needs to be done to keep the two to work in tandem.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Keeping  ethics and trust in good shape and relations requires constant attention and daily practice.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 [jetpack_subscription_form]