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3) “Uncontrolled antimicrobial resistance may lead to global economic shocks”. Critically analyse and suggest steps India should take to sustain such shocks.(250 words)

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3) “Uncontrolled antimicrobial resistance may lead to global economic shocks”. Critically analyse and suggest steps India should take to sustain such shocks.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

According to a report released by the UN Interagency Coordinating Group on Antimicrobial Resistance, Drug-resistant diseases could cause 10 million deaths each year by 2050. The article highlights  a report from the Interagency Coordination Group on Antimicrobial Resistance (IACG) that puts the financial fall-out in perspective.

Key demand of the question:

The question expects one to analyse the economic shocks or consequences that uncontrolled antimicrobial resistance may lead for the world to face. One must suggest way forward for India to tackle such a situation that may soon arise in coming future.

Directive word:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief narration of current scenario of uncontrolled antimicrobial resistance.

Body:

  • Discussion should include the following aspects –
  • Why is the problem of uncontrolled antimicrobial resistance?
  • The difficulty has been in implementing it, given the twin challenges of antibiotic overuse and underuse.
  • poorly regulated pharmaceutical industry means that antibiotics are freely available to those who can afford them.
  • low immunization rates and drinking water contamination. Etc.
  • What will be the consequences of failure to take measures against the above problems?
  • What needs to be done?
  • phasing out critical human-use antibiotics in the animal husbandry sector, such as quinolones.
  • multi-stakeholder approach, involving private industry, philanthropic groups and citizen activists is needed.
  • Private pharmaceutical industries must take it upon themselves to distribute drugs in a responsible manner.
  • Philanthropic charities must fund the development of new antibiotics, while citizen activists must drive awareness.
  • stakeholders must appreciate that the only way to postpone resistance is through improved hygiene and vaccinations etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with immediate focused action needed to curb the menace of antimicrobial resistance.

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