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2) Discuss the effects of the Haymarket Riot on the labour movement. How has the world evolved since then towards Uniting Workers for Social and Economic Advancement?(250 words)

Topic: History of the world, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

2) Discuss the effects of the Haymarket Riot on the labour movement. How has the world evolved since then towards Uniting Workers for Social and Economic Advancement?(250 words)

Reference

why this question:

The Labour Day is celebrated to commemorate the happenings of May 4, 1886, the Haymarket affair (Haymarket Massacre) in the Chicago. To commemorate this event, the Second International, a pan-national organisation of socialist and communist political parties, marked 1 May as the Labour Day in 1891.

Demand of the question:

This question seeks to examine the effects of Haymarket affair on the labour movement across the world and how has the world evolved since then towards Uniting Workers for Social and Economic Advancement.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with brief introduction of Why 1 May is observed as Labour Day? – to commemorate the happenings of May 4, 1886, the Haymarket affair (Haymarket Massacre) in the Chicago.

Body

Discuss the following points in detail:

What was Haymarket affair?

  • During industrialization at the beginning of the 19th Century, the industrialists used to exploit the labour class and made them work up to 15 hours a day.
  • The workers at Haymarket affair, in Chicago rose against this exploitation and demanded paid leaves, proper wages and breaks for the workforce.
  • The day marks the victory of the workers’ movement for eight hours of work. 
  • To commemorate this event, the Second International, a pan-national organization of socialist and communist political parties, marked 1 May as the Labour Day in 1891.
  • Then discuss how have we evolved since them towards Uniting Workers for Social and Economic Advancement.
  • Have a brief discussion on India scenario too.

Conclusion

Conclude with significance of workers sacrifices in achieving economic and social rights all over the world.

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