Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources.
5) Is regional inequality in India actually a problem of economic geography? Discuss. Suggest how economic growth can help do away with regional inequalities. (250 words)
why this question:
The article captures in detail how Economic geography is central to India’s regional inequality distresses. It emphasises the need for issue to be looked through the prism of economic geography—density, distance, division by the policy makers.
Demand of the question:
This question seeks to examine the interlinkages between economic geography and the regional inequalities and disparities.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start with brief introduction of the prevalent inequalities and disparities in the country.
Discuss the following points in detail:
- What is regional inequality?
- What is regional disparity in India?
- The causes of regional disparities in India? What are the major causes of inequality in India?
- Take cues from the article and explain how the World Bank repeatedly identified the key dimensions of economic development—density, distance and division to deal with inequalities that are regional in nature.
- Provide for a comparison of regional inequalities – say north and south and then justify how economic geography aspects in the policy making can help resolve the issue.
Conclude with significance of the economic geography in policy making.