Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
3) The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) ranking for 2019 highlights remarkable regional dominance and disparity. Analyse the role played by NIRF in enhancing the quality of higher education? (250 words)
Why this question:
The article provides for deep insights on the highlights brought to us by the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) ranking for 2019. The NIRF ranking covers institutions from nine categories, such as overall, university, engineering, college, management, pharmacy, law, architecture, and medical.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must appreciate the regional dominance and disparity as highlighted by the NIRF, and one has to evaluate the role played by the NIRF in enhancing the quality of higher education.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Brief upon the scenario , bring out the highlights of NIRF 2019.
Body of the answer should discuss the following factors :
- Brief about NIRF – framework outlines a methodology to rank institutions across the country. The methodology draws from the overall recommendations broad understanding arrived at by a Core Committee set up by MHRD, to identify the broad parameters for ranking various universities and institutions. The parameters broadly cover “Teaching, Learning and Resources,” “Research and Professional Practices,” “Graduation Outcomes,” “Outreach and Inclusivity,” and “Perception”.
- Discuss why there is a regional dominance and vis-a-via disparity in the ranking? – quote from the article ; Of the 860 institutions ranked, 182 institutions (accounting for 21 per cent) are from Tamil Nadu (TN). An analysis of its performance, welfare and politics brings out two important insights. First is the “populist” nature of its welfare policies. The regional parties which have been governing TN since 1960s progressively built a competitive populist platform. Central to this is a progressive and expanding pool of welfare programmes, a fair measure of effectiveness in delivery, and a reasonable degree of commitment to their stability.
- Suggest what should be done ?
Conclude with significance of such ranking framework in improvising the existing education scenario in India.