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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 30 April 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 30 April 2019

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Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of
various Constitutional Bodies.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

1) The Burqa ban, is it an unreasonable limitation on religious freedom or a justifiable restriction? Critically analyse in the light of recent bans on Veils imposed by the Sri -Lankan government post Easter attacks.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question is in the light of recent ban imposed by the Srilankan government on all types of veils used by women from different communities for the sake of security reasons post Easter attack.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate critically whether the ban on veil is an an irrational restraint on religious freedom or a admissible control. Provide for a fair argument suggesting pros and cons of such a decision.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

Introduce by highlighting a brief background of the question.

Body:

  • Highlight some data – on countries that have already taken steps in this direction like the recent one being France.
  • Discuss why banning Burqa is a progressive step, a step towards democracy.
  • Explain how burqa ban oughts’ to be a neutral provision; it should refrain from mentioning any specific religion or community, and its main concerns should be the promotion of gender equality and women’s rights, and the protection of national security. However, it is common knowledge that the ban is aimed at eliminating the burqas, niqabs, and sitars, worn almost exclusively by Muslim women- thus this is one damaging aspect that needs attention from the world across to ensure nobody’s religious sentiments are hurt, at the same time religion can not back true values of democracy.
  • Justify the recent decision taken by the Srilankan government. Suggest your opinion as to what needs to be done.

Conclusion –

Conclude with a balanced opinion and suggest measures to overcome associated concerns and how a balanced solution can be arrived at.


Topic:  Issues related to women. . Indian Constitution- features, significant provisions.

2) Discuss the need for protection for both victims and accused in sexual abuse cases that have been on rise, what are the associated concerns ? Suggest measures to handle such challenges.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question is amidst a recent petition that has been filed in the Supreme Court to frame guidelines to protect the reputation and dignity of persons accused of sexual offences.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate the present conditions of sexual abuse that are on rise and the urgent need to provide for a framework  for protection for both victims and accused in sexual abuse cases. You must suggest measures to be taken to successfully conclude upon such cases.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with a brief narration on current scenario.

Body:

  • Discuss what are the major concerns related to such incidences – urgent need for guidelines to protect the reputation and dignity of persons accused of sexual offences.
  • A person was considered innocent unless proven guilty by a court of law. If a person was falsely accused, his reputation would be lost forever and exposed to public ridicule for no fault of his. This would be a violation of the fundamental right to life enshrined under Article 21 of the Constitution. It does not only destroy an individual’s life but also creates a social stigma for the family members too.
  • Disclosure of his identity, especially during trial, would lead to media trial. Besides, considering the wide reach of social media, the person’s name and even that of his family, which might include minors, would be exposed on the Internet. This would be a violation of their fundamental right to privacy.
  • What needs to be done ? mechanism to uphold “right to reputation” which  is an integral part of Articles 21 and 19(2) of the Constitution of India.
  • Changes at policy level, societal level etc.

Conclusion:

Reassert the urgent need for proper framework to be in place.

 


Topic: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

3) Discuss the powers, functions and responsibility of the office of Speaker in India, why does it often come under criticism of being affiliated to some or the other political party?(250 words)

Polity by Lakshmikanth

Why this question:

The question is upon the significant role played by the office of speaker and the concerns associated with the political affiliation of the speaker’s office.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate the recent controversies surrounding the office of speaker, where in the role of speaker from being impartial and politically neutral have been put to questions and doubts.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with constitutional position of Speaker in Indian polity.

Body:

In brief discuss – without much deliberation Role of the Speaker, Administrative and discretionary powers vested by the constitution . The Speaker of the Lok Sabha enjoys a position of great respect and dignity. He has the supreme responsibility to conduct the proceedings of the House. He acts as the representative of the House, and as its impartial chairman. His authority is supreme in the House and no one can challenge his decisions and rulings. The office of the Speaker is of great dignity and respect.

Discuss why the speaker’s position often comes into limelight for siding with political parties. Explain using examples and suggest way forward.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of the position of Speaker.


Topic : Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

4) Elucidate on the role played by  India’s National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) in dealing with serious violation of human rights .(250 words)

Economictimes

Why this question:

The article discusses the role played by  India’s National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) in dealing with serious violation of human rights.

Demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate the role played by India’s National Human Rights Commission (NHRC).

Directive word:

ElucidateWhen you are asked to elucidate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Define the coming of India’s National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) in India as a protector of human rights.

Body

  • The body of the answer should address the following dimensions:
  • Discuss –  Human Right means the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the constitution or embodied in the International covenants and enforceable by courts in India.
  • This Commission was established after the thorough assessment of needs for such bodies to address the human rights related issues and by keeping in consideration the ways and measures to apply for their protection.
  • Explain the Composition of National Human Rights Commission of India.
  • Roles and responsibilities with limitations, use recent examples to highlight its significant role.

Conclusion

Conclude with importance of such institutions.


TopicIndia and its neighborhood- relations.  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

5) Lack of domestic consensus and regional consensus on the terms of reconciliation has left Afghanistan’s Peace elusive. Discuss. Also suggest India s role in reconstruction and rehabilitation of Afghanistan? (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article gives for a detailed narration of Afghanistan’s different governance systems and the issues that it has been facing in coming to a stand for Peace.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must discuss the issues surrounding the Afghanistan – local level, regional level and global level. List the causes that have led to the instability in the region. Suggest India’s relationship with it and what role should India take in building the peace process in Afghanistan.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Introduce by highlighting the situation on ground in Afghanistan.

Body

Discuss the current situation of Afghanistan – the plethora of problems; Taliban, the Trump exit , rising political instability in the region etc.

Then move on to discuss how the  centuries-old ties between India and Afghanistan shaped by history, culture and strong people-to-people linkages have become the foundation of the deep and strong relationship between the two countries. Building on the mutual trust and commonalities in traditional and cultural values, India continues to play a major role in supporting Afghanistan s journey towards peace and prosperity.

Discuss role played by India in the reconstruction and peace process of Afghanistan

India has played an important role in reconstruction and rehabilitation of Afghanistan, making significant investments in technical cooperation and capacity building in the country. India’s support and collaboration extends to the rebuilding of air links, power plants and investing in health and education sectors as well as helping to train Afghan civil servants and security forces.

Conclusion

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

6) Discuss the objectives, composition and significance of the Asia Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU).(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The article captures the details of the 5th Asia Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU) Media Summit on Climate Action and Disaster Preparedness that was held recently in Kathmandu, Nepal. Kathmandu Media Action Plan for Media Integration in Climate Action and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) was adopted at summit.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must explain the importance of ABU, its objectives, composition and significance.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Introduce with recent event related to ABU – the 5th Asia Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU) Media Summit on Climate Action and Disaster Preparedness .

Body:

  • Discuss in detail – about the ABU : It is a non-profit, non-governmental, non- political, professional association of broadcasting organizations, which assist development of broadcasting in region.
  • It was established in 1964, and has Secretariat in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. With over 272 member in 76 countries on four continents, ABU is biggest broadcasting union in the world.
  • ABU is also member of the World Broadcasters’ Union.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of such institutions.


General Studies – 4


Topic : Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions.

7) What do you understand by Deontology and Consequentialism in ethics? Explain with examples.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications.

 

Why this question:

The question is to evaluate the ethical ideologies of Deontology and Consequentialism.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must elaborate on the concepts of Deontology and Consequentialism with examples as applied to Ethics as a subject.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the  particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Brief upon what you understand by Deontology and Consequentialism in ethics.

Body:

  • The answer to the question is straightforward – one has to discuss in detail the concepts of Deontology and Consequentialism, how one differs from another, what are the common points.
  • Deontology – the ethical system in which morality is determined by duty or laws. A simpler example of deontological ethics would be Christianity, in which moral acts are those that obey the ten commandments. Consequentialism – this moral philosophy is probably best captured in the aphorism “the ends justify the means.” Consequentialism says an act is good if it results in a good situation. An act is bad if  it results in a bad situation. Consequentialists then try to determine what a “good situation” actually entails, who should benefit from the good, who should determine the good, and the relevancy of good intentions.
  • Deontology is duty ethics, so it compares a person’s actions against some duty or imperative.  An example is Kant’s Deontology, which has the Categorical Imperative that all persons must be ends in and of themselves and may never be used as means.  Deontology emphasizes the character of the actions.
  • Draw a brief comparison and justify with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of the two schools of ethics .



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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