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7) What do you understand by Deontology and Consequentialism in ethics? Explain with examples.(250 words)

Topic : Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions.

7) What do you understand by Deontology and Consequentialism in ethics? Explain with examples.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications.

 

Why this question:

The question is to evaluate the ethical ideologies of Deontology and Consequentialism.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must elaborate on the concepts of Deontology and Consequentialism with examples as applied to Ethics as a subject.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the  particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Brief upon what you understand by Deontology and Consequentialism in ethics.

Body:

  • The answer to the question is straightforward – one has to discuss in detail the concepts of Deontology and Consequentialism, how one differs from another, what are the common points.
  • Deontology – the ethical system in which morality is determined by duty or laws. A simpler example of deontological ethics would be Christianity, in which moral acts are those that obey the ten commandments. Consequentialism – this moral philosophy is probably best captured in the aphorism “the ends justify the means.” Consequentialism says an act is good if it results in a good situation. An act is bad if  it results in a bad situation. Consequentialists then try to determine what a “good situation” actually entails, who should benefit from the good, who should determine the good, and the relevancy of good intentions.
  • Deontology is duty ethics, so it compares a person’s actions against some duty or imperative.  An example is Kant’s Deontology, which has the Categorical Imperative that all persons must be ends in and of themselves and may never be used as means.  Deontology emphasizes the character of the actions.
  • Draw a brief comparison and justify with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of the two schools of ethics .

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