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4) “It is not power that corrupts but fear. Fear of losing power corrupts those who wield it and fear of the scourge of power corrupts those who are subject to it.” Critically analyse the statement in the light of Indian political scenario and the rising menace of corruption.(250 words)

TopicGovernment policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

4) “It is not power that corrupts but fear. Fear of losing power corrupts those who wield it and fear of the scourge of power corrupts those who are subject to it.” Critically analyse the statement in the light of Indian political scenario and the rising menace of corruption.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article gives a detailed account of  corruption in India , it provides for analysis of how the governments of the past till present have been ignorant of the menace of corruption and that there is absolutely no evidence of any check on everyday corruption that impacts the delivery of services to people.

Demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate in detail the corruption incidences with example, the lacunae on the policy and legislation front and what needs to be done to make India corruption free.

Directive word:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with few facts/ stats highlighting the scenario.

Body

  • Discuss how there have been consistent attacks on anti-corruption laws and institutions.
  • For e.g. – In 2015, the government proposed amendments to the Prevention of Corruption Act. The amendment Bill, which was later approved by Parliament, narrows down the definition of corruption, increases the burden of proof necessary for punishing the corrupt, and makes things more arduous for whistle-blowers.
  • strengthening of the shield available to officials accused of corruption.
  • Investigating agencies have been barred from even initiating an inquiry or investigation into allegations of corruption without prior approval from the government.
  • undermining of the autonomy of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).
  • Issues associated with Lokpal law etc.
  • Discuss how Corruption in India is not limited to collusive high-level scams. Even petty corruption, affects the delivery of basic services and rights to people, is rampant.
  • Explain what needs to be done to overcome the issue.


Conclusion

Highlight the importance of strong political will to take necessary steps to curb the menace of corruption.