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6) Critically analyse the impact of carbon forestry projects such as REDD+ or the Green India Mission that are based on the neo-liberal principles of privatisation commoditisation, and marketisation on the rights and livelihoods of forest-dependent communities. (250 words)

Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

6) Critically analyse the impact of carbon forestry projects such as REDD+ or the Green India Mission that are based on the neo-liberal principles of privatisation commoditisation, and marketisation on the rights and livelihoods of forest-dependent communities. (250 words)

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Why this question:

The article gives a detailed account of carbon forestry projects and provides for a critical analysis of the impact it has on local livelihoods of forest dependent communities.

Demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate in detail the impact of carbon forestry projects on local forest communities.

Directive word:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start by explaining what you understand by carbon forestry projects.

Body

  • Discuss how Carbon forestry projects such as REDD+, A/R CDM and the Green India Mission are based on the neo-liberal principles of privatization, commoditization, and marketisation.
  • Explain how these market-oriented tools abstract forests from their sociocultural and ecological contexts and reduce their value for carbon forestry.
  • Analyse how such projects promote plantations of fast-growing species and undermine local knowledge and institutions.
  • Take cues from the article and discuss the impact it has on forest communities.
  • Conclude with what needs be done?

Conclusion

Highlight the Indian scenario of carbon forestry efforts and suggest solutions to the concerns posed by it.