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3) Discuss how the feature of Federalism of Indian constitution  differs from that of the federalism of US constitution.(250 words)

Topic Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

3) Discuss how the feature of Federalism of Indian constitution  differs from that of the federalism of US constitution.(250 words)

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Why this question:

The question is about evaluating the constitutional features of the two constitution and one must discuss how the two are different or similar in various aspects.

Key demand of the question:

The answer should enlist the features corresponding to the two constitutional schemes.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with definition of Federalism – A federation is a state having one central (federal) government acting for the whole country and several state governments existing side by side having control over their areas.

Body:

In brief discuss –

  • Explain that in a federation, there is a division of powers between the central (federal) government and state government. Countries like USA, Switzerland, Australia, Canada, etc. have a federal form of government. The salient features of federalism include the existence of dual government at the central and state level, separation of powers, rigid and written constitution, supremacy of the constitution, independence of judiciary, etc.
  • Provide for a comparison between Indian federalism and the USA federalism.
  • Similarities between the federalism of US and India – Written Constitution, Bill of Rights and Fundamental Rights, Supremacy of the Federal or Union Government, Separation of powers, Powers of Checks and Balances etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude that there are certain features of federalism which are common to both India and the USA. On the other hand, India and the USA differ in many aspects related to the federal character of their Constitution. However, both the US and the Indian Federalism despite having limitations are by and large successful.

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