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3) “Theory of Separation of Powers in true sense is for the sake of individual liberty”, comment.(250 words)

Topic:  Separation of powers between various organs

3) “Theory of Separation of Powers in true sense is for the sake of individual liberty”, comment.(250 words)

Indian Polity by Lakshmikant, D D Basu

Why this question:

The question is direct from the static portions of GS paper II, it tends to evaluate the concept of separation of powers.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must discuss evolution of evolution of separation of powers and explain how the Separation of Powers is implemented in our nation.

Directive word

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:


Introduce by highlighting the significance of separation of power in Indian context.


The body of the answer should address the following dimensions:

  • Understanding that a government’s role is to protect individual rights, but acknowledging that governments have historically been the major violators of these rights, a number of measures have been derived to reduce this likelihood. Theory of Separation of Powers is in true sense for the sake of individual liberty .
  • There should be a separation among all the three organs of the government. Each department should be allotted to a different set of persons confined to its own set of activities having independent jurisdictions. No organ of the government should discharge any functions which it is not meant to do.
  • The theory of Separation of Powers revolves around the idea that, each section of the Government must be confined to the exercise of its own function and it should not be allowed to take upon the functions of other branches. Hence, each branch will be a check to others and so single group of people will be responsible for controlling the machinery of the state.
  • Relevance of the separation of power and the associated changing dynamics with examples.


Conclude with significance.