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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 12 April 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 12 April 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.


General Studies – 1


Topic: Role of women , population and associated issues, developmental issues their problems and their remedies. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health.

1) The Reproductive rights of women have major repercussions not only on women health but also on aspects of education, income and safety in India. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article captures the State of the World Population 2019, the flagship report of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) that highlights for the first time, data on women’s ability to make decisions over three key areas –According to the analysis, the absence of reproductive and sexual rights has a major and negative repercussions on women.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must cover a detailed discussion on  the essence of reproductive rights of women in shaping our society.

Directive word:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Highlight the situation , explain the background in brief – relevance of State of the World Population 2019, the flagship report of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).

Body:

Discussion should have the following aspects  :

  • Reproductive rights were established as a subset of the human rights. women have a basic human right to determine freely and responsibly the number and the spacing of their children. Issues regarding the reproductive rights are vigorously contested, regardless of the population’s socioeconomic level, religion or culture.
  • One has to discuss reproductive rights with respect to Indian context focusing on socioeconomic and cultural aspects.
  • Factors that have led to lack of such rights.
  • What are the consequences on life of women ? – education, income, societal status , quality of life etc.
  • Also discuss sensitization of government and judicial agencies in protecting the reproductive rights with special focus on the protecting the reproductive rights of women.
  • What needs to be done?

Conclusion:

Conclude with road ahead what needs to be done to empower women.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

2) Explain the discretionary powers of the Governor mentioned in the Indian Constitution. Why is it held that the post of governor has become highly politicized in recent times?(250 words)

Timesofindia

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper II, you must enumerate the discretionary powers of the Governor mentioned in the Indian constitution. The discussion in second half should focus on the recent controversies involved around the office of Governor.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss discretionary powers of the governor and the factors that have led to the politicization of the governor’s post.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the  particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly narrate the significance of the office of Governor.

Body:

The discussion should have the following points :

  • The first half should discuss the powers – Constitutional discretion and Situational discretion of the Governor.
  • Discuss how the office of Governor has become a tool of Centre to interfere in the working of state governments.
  • factors that have led to such a situation of politicization
  • what needs to be done
  • quote some examples of recent controversies.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of the office of Governor and that issues associated with it should be addressed necessarily.


Topic :Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

3) In your opinion  can more number of smaller States bring in effective governance at State level? Discuss.(250 words)

Why this question:

The question is in the context of creation of small states their advantages and disadvantages with respect to the federal character of the constitution.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must discuss whether the new social and political order calls for a reorganization and whether there is any guarantee for effective administration.

Directive :

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Highlight briefly the significant features of Indian federalism.

Body

Discuss the following features in the answer:

  • The current demand for the break-up of large states – Maharashtra, Gujrat, Punjab etc , discuss the factors driving the cause of bifurcation.
  • The debate of linguistic bifurcation vs administrative bifurcation based on regionalism and other associated factors.
  • The question whether smaller states are better governed than bigger ones.
  • Discuss with examples.

Conclusion

conclude your answer with significance of strong federal features.


Topic : Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

4) Discuss the questions of transparency associated with Electoral bonds. Do you think voter must know the source of political funding ? Analyse.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The question is about discussing the fact whether Electoral bonds will pave way for clean and transparent political funding. The article is in the light of recent controversies surrounding the donor source of the electoral bonds and involvement of Supreme court and its interpretations.

Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the concept of Electoral bonds, the entire controversy around it ; the merits and demerits.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

one can start by defining significance of passage of Bill in the parliament.

Body

The question is straightforward and one has to put the theme of electoral bonds to trial and analyse the merits and demerits associated with it.

Discuss whether voters have the right to know about their candidates, should they know where the money of political parties is coming from.

Are there genuine reasons to protect donors under the electoral bond scheme from disclosing their identity etc.

Conclusion

Base on your opinion conclude with a balanced reasoning and take a stand.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic :Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation

5) Examine the root causes of India’s problem of e-waste and discuss the whys and wherefores due to which rules and regulations  have been ineffective. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is direct and straightforward, one has to bring out the root causes of India’s problem of e-waste and discuss the policy failures and solutions therein.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must  discuss in detail the problems associated with e-wastes in India, the associated challenges and concerns in dealing with it and what needs to be done.

Directive word:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

write a few introductory lines about e – wastes in India, provide for some statistics.

Body:

Answers must discuss in detail the following points :

    • What is E-Waste? – Electronic waste, abbreviated as ‘e-waste’ is a term used to describe old, end-of-life electronic appliances such as computers, laptops, TV’s, radios, refrigerators etc., which have been discarded by users. E-waste comprises of numerous valuable but harmful substances that can cause an adverse effect on human health.
    • E-waste –Statistics – global volume of e-waste is expected to reach 52.2 million tonnes (MT) or 6.8 kg per inhabitant by 2021. Among Indian states, Maharashtra contributes the largest e-waste of 20% but recycles only about 47,810 tonnes per annum.
    • What are the harmful effects?
    • Why it is difficult to manage e waste in India?
    • Failures of policies – causes and consequences.
  • What Should India Do?

Conclusion –

Conclude with way forward as to how should India deal with the menace of e- wastes.


General Studies – 4


Topic :  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

6) Discuss the significance of Ethics in Education, also elaborate on the modern day challenges for incorporation ethics into Education .(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article highlights the need for ethics in education. The associated concerns.

Key demand of the question:

The question is about discussing the relevance of ethics in education and what are the challenges associated in weaving the same into the system.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Brief upon importance of ethics in education.

Body:

Such answers are best explained with examples from day to day life, one must signify importance of ethics in education system, what difference it makes.

The discussion should cover why weaving ethics into our education system is quite challenging and what needs to be done to overcome it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of ethics.

 


Topic: Citizen’s Charters.

7) What aspects should be covered by an ideal Citizen’s Charter? Do you think Citizen’s Charter should also be made compulsory for government organizations?  (250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question is about discussing the need for Ideal citizen’s charter in governmental organization and its significance.

Key demand of the question:

The question is about analyzing the significance of citizen’s charter and its need in governmental organisation.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines define citizen’s charter.

Body:

  • The question is straightforward , thus doesn’t require much deliberation, one must discuss the concept of Citizen’s charter  in detail, its importance and relevance to public organizations.
  • What are the components of a Citizen’s Charter?
  • road map to be adopted to formulate the Citizen’s Charter.
  • Students can quote best principles adopted by public organizations to make the charter ideal.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of such tools in good governance.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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