Topic: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
1) The tragedy of Jallianwala Bagh is a shameful scar on British Indian history. Comment. (250 words)
Why this question:
The question is in context of 100th anniversary of the tragic incident of Jallianwala Bagh. Recently British Prime minister Theresa May described the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar as a “shameful scar” on British Indian history.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the tragedy of Jallianwala Bagh of 1919 and its significance in the history of modern India and in what way it’s a blot on the British Indian history.
Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly narrate the incident of the tragedy of Jallianwala Bagh of 1919.
The discussion should have the following points :
- The massacre – It took place in Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar over Baisakhi in April 1919 when troops of the British Indian Army under the command of Colonel Dyer fired machine guns at a crowd of people holding a pro-independence demonstration. It claimed thousands of lives and injured thousands others.
- Explain the Britain’s position since the mid-1990s of expressing ‘deep regret’ for the April 13, 1919, massacre in Jallianwala Bagh and not issuing a formal apology.
- India – UK relationship as of today and impact of this historical past.
Conclude with significance of the massacre and the turning point it brought in British history.