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4) Discuss the pressure that below average Monsoon has on rural employment and the economy as a whole in India and what needs to be done by the administration to manage the same?(250 words)

Topic :  Climatic anomalies Indian monsoons.

4) Discuss the pressure that below average Monsoon has on rural employment and the economy as a whole in India and what needs to be done by the administration to manage the same?(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article captures the  assessment from agency, Skymet about the forecast of a below average monsoon in India for this year. It assesses that  there is a prospect of an El Niño, often associated with drought conditions to be considered along with other factors that seem to weaken the El Niño link, such as a dipole weather phenomenon in the Indian Ocean.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must cover a detailed discussion on  significance of the indications given and quoted by the report; discuss the scenario with causes and effects. Second half of the answer must emphasize on the role of administration in managing such situations.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Highlight the indications of the report.

Body:

Discussion should have the following dimensions :

  • The highlights of the report.
  • Why a weak monsoon ? – causes
  • The consequences of the weak monsoon must be discussed in special context of rural economy and its association with employment – discuss effects on agriculture direct and indirect.
  • Then move on to discuss what needs to be done in terms of administrative efforts – significant role of local administration; take cues from the article to capture multiple dimensions.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

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