Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 06 April 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 06 April 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic:  Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes. 


General Studies – 1


Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

1) ”Rising Climate change guarantees coral reef extinction in coming 100 years”. Discuss(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is in the context of critical impact of climate change on Coral ecosystem of the world.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must provide for a detailed discussion on the causative factors especially related to climate change that are severely affecting the coral ecosystems of the world.

Directive word

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines explain the significance of coral reef ecosystem and importance of efforts to conserve them.

Body

Discuss the following aspects in the answer:

  • Coral reefs harbor the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem globally and directly support over 500 million people worldwide, mostly in poor countries.
  • Discuss what are the issues associated – Anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, rise in temperature leading to unprecedented mass coral bleaching events etc.
  • Why are they important ? – They are among the most threatened ecosystems on Earth, largely due to unprecedented global warming and climate changes, combined with growing local pressures.
  • Over the last three years, reefs around the world have suffered from mass coral bleaching events as a result of the increase in global surface temperature caused by anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions.
  • According to UNESCO, the coral reefs in all 29 reef-containing World Heritage sites would cease to exist by the end of this century if we continue to emit greenhouse gases under a business-as-usual scenario.
  • Limiting global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels in line with the Paris Agreement provides the only chance for the survival of coral reefs globally.
  • What can be done?

Conclusion

Conclude with significance of the ecosystem and criticality of the situation and necessity to save them from extinction.


Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

2) Explain the concept of geomagnetism. List out the causes that make earth to behave as a magnet. Discuss the implications of the change in  earth’s magnetic field in recent geological past.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is straightforward – explain the concept of Geomagnetism and discuss the recent shift in geological past and explain its significance.

Demand of the question:

The concept of Geomagnetism needs to be explained in detail along with effects it has, explain the recent change in the earth’s magnetic field in geological past.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with brief discussion on what you understand by Geomagnetism. And discuss the recent changes  and the affects it has on Earth’s magnetic field.

Body

Explain in detail what you understand by Geomagnetism. And discuss the recent changes  and the affects it has on Earth’s magnetic field. The question is conceptual and requires not much deliberation. Ensure to add the latest developments from news.

Conclusion

Conclude with consequences of such changes.


Topic:  . The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country. Role of women and women’s organization.

3) “The historic date of 6 April 1930, that marked the end of famous Dandi March, also marked the beginning of one of the first women’s movements in the history of modern India”. Comment.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The question is in the light of the famous Dandi March that ended on this day 6th April in history in 1930.The question evaluates how this day also marked the beginning of Women movements in India.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must  discuss in detail the significance of this day, Dandi march and most importantly analyse in what way it led to fostering women movements in India.

Directive word:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

write a few introductory lines bringing out significance of this day in the history.

Body:

Answers must discuss in detail importance of women movements in India.

Discuss how Dandi march  happened to be a game changer in the history of India for women Movements. Take cues from the article , discuss significant contributions of Saroijini Naidu, Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay etc.

Discussion should classify the movements in terms of different classes of women , how they differed what were the consequences of such difference etc.

Conclusion –

Conclude with a reassertion of their contribution and its significance.


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

4) What do you understand by Populism? Do you think  populist nationalism can be divisive and damage the economic growth of the country ? critically analyse.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the rise of wave of populism recently being witnessed across the world.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the ideology of populism and the affect it has on Indian economy, one has to provide for a critical analysis as to how the populist policies can prove to be damaging to the economy of the country.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly discuss  the ideology of populism.

Body:

The discussion should have the following points :

  • How are economic problems/inequality/joblessness leading to rise of populist regimes/policies?
  • What are other fundamental problems/reasons?- cultural backlash and insecurities; post war economic arrangement and neoliberal policies; global power shift etc.
  • How populism has been different for developed and developing economies?
  • History and reasons for populism in India?

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward and assert the significance of democracy and its tools that keep such effects and ideologies under check.


Topic: Issues related to health.

5) With health accessibility and affordability still remaining  a crucial healthcare problem facing the 21st century, Discuss the significance of Universal Health Coverage along with concerns associated also explain what needs to be done to overcome these challenges.(250 words)

Financialexpress

Reference

Why this question:

The article is in the backdrop of World health day that is celebrated on 7th of April every year. The theme for World Health Day 2019 is Universal Health Coverage. Thus the question is important from the point of view of GS paper III.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must cover a detailed discussion on  significance of Universal Health Coverage along with concerns associated, also provide for what steps can be taken.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with April 7 is observed as World Health Day. The day is celebrated under the leadership of World Health Organization to draw people’s attention towards the importance of global health.

Body:

Discussion should have the following dimensions :

  • The highlights of World Health Day 2019: Theme and Significance.
  • What is Universal Health Coverage? – UHC is visualized as an ideal state of health system organisation in which all individuals and communities receive quality health services as per needs, without suffering financial hardship.
  • What are the objectives of UHC?
  • Discuss the indicators of UHC , its context in India.
  • Issues and Challenges – large health disparity between social classes, urban and rural populations and geographical locations, Lack of actual database to provide actual financial cost of the programme. there are large variations and inequities in the supply-side readiness, in terms of availability of infrastructure, equipment, essential drugs and staffing, to deliver on the promises of UHC.
  • non-affordability of healthcare services is a major problem with the vast majority of our people. The coverage is still not universal but linked to poverty.  Etc.
  • Discuss what needs to be done?

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications.

6) What is Hawking’s theory of dark matter? Discuss the recent findings and their significance. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Recently a group of scientists have ruled out Stephen Hawking’s theory for mysterious dark matter. Dark matter remains one of the biggest mysteries in physics. Scientists know the mysterious substance makes up the majority of all matter in the universe, vastly outnumbering normal matter like stars, planets, and people. But no one is sure exactly what it is. Thus it is important for us to ponder a bit on such a theory.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the theory proposed by Stephen Hawking and recent findings that justify the theory to some extent, one has to bring out the significance of such a finding in detail and what applications it bears in day to day life.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly discuss  the context of recent findings; the theory, its association with  black holes and Dark matter.

Body:

Discuss the following points :

  • What do the latest findings justify ? – researchers from the Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (IPMU) in Japan has searched for the telltale sign of such minuscule black holes, and the result was pretty damning.
  • What did Stephen Hawking propose? – Stephen Hawking proposed a theory that primordial black holes are a source of dark matter. He computed that the mass of the primordial black holes could range from as low as one-hundredth of a milligram to as high as more than the mass of a thousand Suns.
  • What are primordial black holes? – Two Soviet physicists, Yakov Borisovich Zel’dovich and Igor Dmitriyevich Novikov, showed that at the initial instant of the big bang, the densities would have been very high at many points, resulting in the formation of small black holes. They were named `primordial black holes’.
  • What is dark matter?
  • Significance – applications such as Gravitational lensing etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of such remarkable research.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions.

7) Explain the determinants and consequences of ethics in human action with suitable examples.(250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question is about discussing the importance determinants and consequences of ethics in human action.

Key demand of the question:

The question is straightforward from the syllabus and doesn’t require much deliberation.

Directive word:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the  particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines define what you understand by determinants and consequences of ethics.

Body:

In brief discuss –

  • What are the determinants of ethics? – In general perspective, ethics is a process of moral principles. These principles have significant effect on people to make decisions and lead good quality lives. Ethics is also concerned with what is ‘good for individuals and society’ and is also defined as moral beliefs.
  • Discuss the essence of Ethics, its importance and the consequences it can have on human action – Justify the above points using suitable examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of Ethics in human actions and how it impacts human life.  


Topic: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

8) Explain the relationship between social influence and persuasion.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon

Why this question:

The question is intended to evaluate the relationship between social influence and persuasion.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the importance of social influence and persuasion in general and in public services.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines define what you understand by social influence and persuasion.

Body:

Discuss –

  • Social influence and persuasion as fundamental functions of communication.
  • Social influence – Social influence is described as the change in person’s behaviour, thoughts, feelings and attitudes that results from interaction with another individual in society. It can be intentionally or unintentionally, as a result of the way the changed person perceives themselves in relationship to the influencer. It is different from conformity, power and authority.
  • persuasion is defined as communicative activities that are mediated. It is the process of changing or reinforcing attitudes, beliefs or behaviour of a person.
  • Discuss their interlinkages.
  • Explain their importance in public administration.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of these values and that they are inter related.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 [jetpack_subscription_form]