- Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
History of Muslim League in Kerala and India
What to study?
- For Prelims: About Muslim League- establishment, evolution, objectives and accomplishments.
- For Mains: Evolution of Muslim league in India after independence and recent issues associated.
Why in News? Uttar Pradesh chief minister Yogi Aditynath recnelty equated the Indian Union Muslim League (IUML) with the pre-partition Muslim League.
About Muslim League:
It was a political party established in 1906 in the British Indian Empire. Its strong advocacy for the establishment of a separate Muslim-majority nation-state, Pakistan, successfully led to the partition of British India in 1947 by the British Empire.
The party arose out of a literary movement begun at The Aligarh Muslim University in which Syed Ahmad Khan was a central figure.
The first stage of its formation was the meeting held at Lucknow in September 1906, with the participation of representatives from all over India.
With global events leading up to World War II and the Congress party’s effective protest against the United Kingdom unilaterally involving India in the war without consulting the Indian people, the Muslim League went on to support the British war efforts.
Evolution post- independence:
Soon after Partition, the All India Muslim League, which had led the movement for Pakistan, was disbanded. Over the next few months, the party of Mohammed Ali Jinnah was succeeded by the Muslim League in West Pakistan and The All Pakistan Awami Muslim League in East Pakistan.
In East Pakistan, the Awami Muslim League championed the cause of Bengali nationalism, and sought to chart a course independent from Punjabi-dominated West Pakistan. Under the leadership of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, East Pakistan ultimately broke free from the West.
In independent India, the All India Muslim League was succeeded by the Indian Union Muslim League (IUML). The IUML fought elections under the Constitution of India, and has always had a constant, if small, presence in Lok Sabha. The IUML is the strongest in Kerala, and has a unit in Tamil Nadu as well. It has long been recognised by the Election Commission of India as a state party in Kerala.
Sources: Indian express.