Topic:Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary; Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
4) Access to judiciary is of critical importance in a democracy, for it provides justice undiluted. Critically analyse the statement in Indian context and suggest remedies. (250 words)
Why this question:
The article evaluates the need for expanding the Judicial system of the country, it throws light upon reconsidering setting up Benches in different States in keeping with the recommendations of the Law Commissions (125th Report and 229th Report).
Key demand of the question:
Analyse in detail the need for Judicial reforms , the present fallouts with the system and what needs to be done on different fronts to overcome the concerns and ensure justice stays undiluted.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
In a few introductory lines explain the system of Judiciary in India – that the judiciary is an important part of our government and plays a critical role in the way our democracy works.
In brief discuss –
- Discuss the grave crisis our judiciary is facing – Judicial Accountability, alleged offence of bribery , collusion, misconduct of Judges, corruption, partisanship etc.
- Then move on to discuss the significance of a transparent judicial system in place for undiluted justice.
- What needs to be done – expansion of benches of supreme court across the geographical width, overcome the monopoly of lawyers in supreme court, managing work under Article 130 etc.
Conclude with what needs to be done, suggest way forward.