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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 March 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 March 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic:  Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.


General Studies – 1


Topic: Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

1) Discuss the concept, constraints and prospect of secularism in India.(250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question is about discussing the concept of Secularism  and its boundaries in India. In the recent past Indian secularism has been under constant threat, In the name of religion, creed and community people have tries to impose their superiority over the other.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must first elaborate on what you understand by Secularism, what are the causes of it, its impact and implications. Compare and contrast each of these implications – both positive and negative and examine what needs to be done.

Directive word

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Discuss Secularism as a concept.

Body

Discuss the following aspects in the answer:

  • Define what is Indian Secularism, What are the important features of Indian secularism?
  • How has secularism evolved in India?
  • What are the causes of  Secularism in India?
  • Discuss its prospects – What path should Indian secularism take?

Conclusion

Conclude with optimism that Secularism should become a unifying factor rather than dividing the country on lines of religion, race ,caste etc.


Topic-Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

2) Define Communalism and discuss the rise Communalism in India and its ramifications. What steps are needed to be taken to check the growth of Communalism?(250 words)

 

Why this question:

Question is about communalism and how it has evolved in India, question is to analyse the ramifications of communalism in India and evaluation of measures to check communalism.

Demand of the question:

This question seeks to examine the concept of Communalism. The question expects us to write in detail about communalism, in the Indian historical, social and political context. It then wants us to write in detail about the evolution of communalism in India; its ramifications and counter measures to check its growth.

Directive word:

Discuss– This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

define communalism in a simple way- e.g. Communalism is a political philosophy, which proposes that market and money be abolished and that land and enterprises to be placed in the custody of community. But in the Indian sub-continent context, communalism has come to be associated  with tensions and clashes between different religious communities in various regions.

Body

Discuss about communalism in India in detail.

Discuss the evolution of communalism in India – like ancient India was united and no such communal feelings were there. People lived peacefully together, there was acceptance for each other’s culture and tradition. For example, Ashoka followed religious tolerance and focused mainly on Dhamma; In Medieval period, we have examples such as- Akbar, who was epitome of secular practices and believed in propagating such values; Communalism in India is result of the emergence of modern politics, which has its roots in British policy of divide and rule and the partition of Bengal in 1905 and feature of separate electorate under Government of India Act, 1909; Such acts were done by the British government to appease Muslims and other communities, and dividing the Indian public opinion for their own political needs. This feeling of communalism has deepened since then, fragmenting the Indian society and being a cause of unrest etc.

Suggest solutions – what needs to be done?
Conclusion

Based on your discussion form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3) The recent storm related to demand for more transparency by means of electoral bonds mechanisms holds widespread importance but it may also lead to overlap priorities comment? Critically analyse.(250 words)

The hindu

why this question:

The Election Commission of India (ECI) has recently told the Supreme Court that electoral bonds, contrary to government claims, wreck transparency in political funding. The question is thus to examine the significance and issues involved in this context.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the Electoral Bonds – Significance and Issues involved especially with respect to transparency in political funding.

Directive word:

Critically AnalyseWhen asked to ‘analyse’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

write a few introductory lines about the  Electoral Bond, their origin and utility.

Body:

Answers must discuss the following aspects :

  • Discuss the key features of the electoral bonds.
  • Pros and cons
  • How Electoral bond leads to corruption and hinders the capacity of the citizens to meaningfully participate in political and public life.
  • Take cues from article – discuss foreign funding and role of electoral bonds.
  • How the power of vote is diluted through opacity in political funding, and thus democracy as a whole loses its intrinsic value.

Conclusion –

Conclude by suggesting a way forward, how can the government overcome the challenges and focus on its priorities.


General Studies – 3


Topic :  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

4) The concept universal basic income is now firmly etched in India’s political discourse.  Critically analyse.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The opposition party has recently mooted its political agenda of universal basic income for BPL Indian citizens. In this context it is important to discuss the pros and cons of the UBI especially in the context of Indian economy.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss at length pros and cons associate with delivering basic income to the poor of the country

Directive word:

Critically Analyse – When asked to ‘analyse’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Narrate a brief background of the context of the question – declaration of minimum income guarantee for every poor person in the country by the Congress president.

Body:

In brief discuss –

  • How the mega welfare scheme would be an extension of the slew of pro-poor entitlement regimes of political parties in the past.
  • Discuss – The concept of UBI or universal basic income floated by former chief economic adviser Arvind Subramanian was part of the 2016-17 Economic Survey.
  • Have a discussion on poverty line.
  • Discuss the pros and advantages of UBI. E.g A Universal Basic Income promotes many of the basic values of a society which respects all individuals as free and equal. It promotes liberty because it is anti-paternalistic, opens up the possibility of flexibility in labour markets. It promotes equality by reducing poverty. It promotes efficiency by reducing waste in government transfers. And it could, under some circumstances, even promote greater productivity etc.
  • Discuss the cons/ limitations of the UBI. E.g None of the places where UBI has been tried have levels of income disparity that exist in India. So, while the idea might work in Sikkim, it might not in, say, Bihar; The reason for maintaining conditional social assistance is to “prioritize those at the bottom of the [income] distribution; access to banking is poor in rural and backward areas; issue of gender equality as the income would be controlled by the males of the family; amount of financial resources required etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.  


Topic: Conservation, environmental degradation.

5) With World heading towards ecosystem collapse and a climate-run riot .Discuss the need for India to reframe engagement with climate change. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article provides a detailed analysis of the frame of engagement of India with respect to climate change and how the way it would handle land use change will decide whether it can improve lives without warming the world.

Key demand of the question:

The question expects us to first discuss the alarming climate change scenario owing to increased carbon emissions of world countries. We need to discuss ways through which this situation can be addressed and suggest way forward.

Directive word:

Discuss– This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief introductory lines on highlights of the findings by the N’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change that warned – without radical course correction, the world will exhaust its carbon budget to keep global temperature increase below 1.5°C by 2030.

Body:

  • State facts from various report and re-assert the statement in question about climate riot.
  • Then move on to discuss the effectiveness of the global fight against climate change amid rising energy demand in detail.
  • Discuss the effect and what needs to be done to mitigate the challenge the world is facing with special emphasis on India.
  • Indian scenario to be explained in detail – take cues from the article.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of immediate attention to mitigate the perils of rising climate change.


Topic:  Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

6) Has the recent Missile test Shakti  in space paved the way for India’s attempt to draw new red lines redefining it’s security calculus? Examine.(250 words)

Livemint

The hindubusinessline

Why this question:

India has rewritten the rules of global engagement by downing a live satellite in low earth orbit on Wednesday and adding space to its strategic lexicon.

Thus the question is to evaluate significance of Missile test Shakti and the significance it holds for India.

Key demand of the question:

The effective space deterrence has heralded India’s entry into an exclusive club of powers with space, land, air and sea-based weapons delivery platforms, thus the answer must elaborate on the India’s capabilities and run up to strengthening its security dimensions.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Brief upon the recent achievement of Missile test Shakti.

Body:

Discuss the following aspects :

  • Explain in short the present capabilities of Indian Defense system.
  • How the test has added to the current capabilities.
  • Have a discussion on India’s willingness to rewrite the rules of the game and in what way it marks a geostrategic shift.
  • The discussion should balance around India’s achievement vs deterrence capabilities.

Conclusion:

Conclude with optimism, India is proving its capabilities to the world and marching forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

7) Living up to the public trust is much more than just an act of compliance. Comment. (250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question is in the context of concept of public services, in what way public trust is an essential component of it.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the aspects of public trust, its essence and how mere act of compliance cannot win public trust.

Directive word:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly narrate the essence of public service delivery.

Body:

Explain the following –

  • First Why is political trust important? – Trust in institutions is important for the success of many government policies, programmes and regulations that depend on cooperation and compliance of citizens.
  • What is the relationship between ethics and compliance in public services?
  • What is the difference between ethics and compliance?
  • Conclude how winning the trust of people is prime to delivering services and is not just an act of compliance.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of trust with people in public services.


Topic:  Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

8) Discuss the impact of Social influence on public service.(250 words)

Why this question:

The question is to examine the role of Social influence on public service.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must explain what is social influence, its reach, effect on public services.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through t give reasons for the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly state what you understand by social influence.

Body:

Discuss the following aspects:

  • How does social influence affect behaviour? – Social influence occurs when a person’s emotions, opinions or behaviours are affected by others intentionally or unintentionally. Social influence takes many forms and can be seen in conformity, socialization, peer pressure, obedience, leadership, persuasion, sales, and marketing.
  • Quote examples to justify – Our beliefs, attitudes, and behaviours are influenced by many things, and often produce automated behaviour. Principles of social influence, or the ways in which we are influenced, include the reciprocity principle, commitment and consistency, social proof, liking, authority, and scarcity.
  • Then relate it to public services.

Conclusion:

Conclude with whether social influence is good or bad for public services, form a balanced opinion.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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