Topic-Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
2) Define Communalism and discuss the rise Communalism in India and its ramifications. What steps are needed to be taken to check the growth of Communalism?(250 words)
Why this question:
Question is about communalism and how it has evolved in India, question is to analyse the ramifications of communalism in India and evaluation of measures to check communalism.
Demand of the question:
This question seeks to examine the concept of Communalism. The question expects us to write in detail about communalism, in the Indian historical, social and political context. It then wants us to write in detail about the evolution of communalism in India; its ramifications and counter measures to check its growth.
Discuss– This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Structure of the answer:
define communalism in a simple way- e.g. Communalism is a political philosophy, which proposes that market and money be abolished and that land and enterprises to be placed in the custody of community. But in the Indian sub-continent context, communalism has come to be associated with tensions and clashes between different religious communities in various regions.
Discuss about communalism in India in detail.
Discuss the evolution of communalism in India – like ancient India was united and no such communal feelings were there. People lived peacefully together, there was acceptance for each other’s culture and tradition. For example, Ashoka followed religious tolerance and focused mainly on Dhamma; In Medieval period, we have examples such as- Akbar, who was epitome of secular practices and believed in propagating such values; Communalism in India is result of the emergence of modern politics, which has its roots in British policy of divide and rule and the partition of Bengal in 1905 and feature of separate electorate under Government of India Act, 1909; Such acts were done by the British government to appease Muslims and other communities, and dividing the Indian public opinion for their own political needs. This feeling of communalism has deepened since then, fragmenting the Indian society and being a cause of unrest etc.
Suggest solutions – what needs to be done?
Based on your discussion form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.