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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25 March 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25 March 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic:  Effects of globalization on Indian society


General Studies – 1


Topic: Effects of globalization on Indian society.

1) Are the world countries witnessing de-globalisation? Examine and explain the associated implications.(250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question is in the context of rising trends of de-globalization being witnessed across the world. Increased protectionism professed especially by countries like USA etc.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must first elaborate on what is deglobalization, what are the causes of it, its impact and implications on countries like India. Compare and contrast it with effects of globalization in the recent past.

Directive word

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Briefly discuss the backdrop of the rising trends of protectionism.

Body

The body of the answer should address the following dimensions:

  • What do you understand by deglobalization.
  • Discuss the raising global fears of a possible slowing down of the global economic recovery, due to de-globalization.
  • Elaborate on “national interests first” attitude in trade and economic policies by the countries of the world.
  • What are the implications of it?
  • Its affects on India, discuss it with examples.

Conclusion

Conclude with way forward, what needs to be done to strike a balance between globalization and deglobalization.

 


Topic– Effects of globalization on Indian society

2) Discuss in detail the Socio-Cultural Impact of globalisation on Indian  Society.(250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question is about recognizing the specific impacts that globalization has made over the socio-cultural fabric of India.

Demand of the question:

This question seeks to examine the issues associated with identification of poor in the country and what measures are required to be taken to do away with.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start by explaining effects of globalization in general.

Body

One can start with the positives that globalization brought in for the socio-cultural aspects like Access to education, Growth of cities, global interconnectedness etc. Then move on to discuss the negative implications – Nuclear Families, Old Age Vulnerability, Pervasive Media, Walmartization, McDonaldization etc.

Then discuss how all these above factors impact the country’s socio-cultural fabric.

Conclusion

Conclude with importance of globalization yet reassert that it doesn’t come without a cost.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

3) Fiscal federalism is the economic counterpart to political federalism. Discuss with suitable examples.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail how Fiscal federalism is the economic counterpart to political federalism. It provides for a detailed assessment of Fiscal federalism in India , its link with political federalism and the challenges being faced by it in India.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must explain in detail what is fiscal federalism, explain how it is counterpart to political federalism, how are the two different? On is expected to explain with recent examples along with features of constitution that requires highlighting.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with what you understand by Fiscal federalism.

Body:

  • What is fiscal federalism in India? context.
  • Present status
  • Link between Fiscal federalism and political federalism – the constitutional angle.
  • What are the associated concerns and challenges
  • Way forward.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of federalism and its role in Indian set up, take cues from the article.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

4) Discuss the potential of Blue economy in India. What are the issues associated and what needs to be done to harness the available potential?(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Recently vice-president Venkaiah Naidu, cautioned against the further degradation of oceans and their ecosystem and harnessing the potential of blue economy in his visit to Goa. Thus it becomes important for us to ponder upon Blue economy in India and its significance.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the enormous potential of the blue economy  must necessarily be harnessed to achieve higher growth for the coastal regions, river regions etc of the country and initiate appropriate programmes for sustainable harnessing of ocean reserves.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

Introduce by highlighting the significance of blue economy in India.

Body:

Answers must discuss the following aspects :

  • What do you understand by Blue economy.
  • potential linkages between blue economy, economic growth, port

development, international relations and security, and ocean resource conservation etc.

  • discuss the need to develop technologies that enable deep sea mining, underwater vehicles and robotics, and the extraction of minerals from the sea.
  • highlighting the opportunities and challenges for India etc.

Conclusion –

Emphasize the importance and suggest a way forward.


Topic :  Role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security/ Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

5) Discuss  Fake news problem in India. Is it a policy issue or is it due to the lackadaisical approach by the social media companies or is it a combination of both?(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article captures in detail how fake news has pervaded all spheres of life, political, economic and social – with negative implications. What measures need to be taken by various stakeholders to combat fake news menace. Thus it is important topic from the point of view of paper III and IV.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the causes and spread of fake news, Why is the spread of fake news on rise these days – causes and consequences. Most importantly discuss role of social media in it.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Introduce by stating the current conditions of the high prevalence of fake news in India.

Body:

In brief discuss – What do you understand by fake news – a type of yellow journalism that consists of deliberate misinformation or hoaxes spread via the traditional print, broadcasting news media, or via Internet-based social media., Why is the spread of fake news on rise these days – role of social media, main driving force behind fake news , how to contain it, legislative measures necessary, challenges and need for multi- stakeholder approach, how it affects society in general.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward – suggest steps to overcome.


Topic:  Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

6) Critically analyse the issues plaguing aviation sector in India. What needs to be done to overcome these issues and concerns? Discuss.(250 words)

Businesstoday

NewIndianexpress

Why this question:

The question is in the context of recent issues being faced by Indian aviation industry.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must explain with necessary justification the issues and concerns that the aviation sector of India is facing ranging from finances to safety of Passengers. You must also suggest measures – in terms of policies, legislations, schemes required to overcome these challenges.

Directive word:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Use some suitable facts to express the current crisis situation in the Aviation industry in India.

Body:

Explain the following –

  • Current Market size of the industry , Factors contributing to the growth of the aviation sector.
  • challenges – global economic slowdown negatively impacts leisure, optional and business travel, rise in the price of fuel, Government interventions,  High operational costs, High cost of aviation turbine fuel, High service tax and other charges, Shortage of maintenance facilities, High foreign exchange rate, Competition from foreign airlines, Congestion at airports, Lack of qualified pilots and technical manpower etc.
  • suggest measures – liberalize foreign direct investment in the sector, more bilateral treaties for international routes, ore consolidation in the sector to lower down the cut throat competition in the sector etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic:  Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7) What do you understand by bioethics? Deliberate issues related to bioethics in India. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications.

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of Bio- ethics and the associated issues in India.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must first elaborate what do you understand by Bio-ethics, issues associate with it in India ranging from Euthanasia to stem cell research. Such questions are best answered with aid of suitable examples.

Directive:

Deliberate – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the  particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with importance of ethics in general, and bio ethics in specific.

Body:

Discuss how  bio ethics is equally essential as any other variant.

Quote examples from India where bioethics comes in conflict – Euthanasia, Stem cell research, Relaxed norms for clinical trials, Abortion etc.

Discuss each of it with suitable and recent case study and elaborate on importance of Bio- ethics.

Conclusion:

Conclude that each situation has a derived prospect of bio-ethics attached to it and we have to negotiate with many factors. Before we really come with a final solution. There are Scientific, Technological, Economic, Political, Social, Religious, Cultural factors.The Bioethicist in the modern age should be sensitive to all these factors that play important roles in shaping Ethical values and principles in modern societies.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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