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2) Regional disparity lies at the heart of social conflicts in India. Explain. (250 words)

Topic– population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

2) Regional disparity lies at the heart of social conflicts in India. Explain. (250 words)


Why this question:

The question is in the context of rising trends of regional disparity witnessed in India based on social causes. The question is based on the fact that the regional disparities in India are marked by the peculiarity of social conflicts rather than any other cause like economic or political factors, though those factors as well contribute to regional disparity.

Demand of the question:

This question seeks to examine the trends of regional disparity owing to social conflicts, one must thus analyse the factors of societal causes that are aggravating and fuelling regional disparity.

Directive word:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the  particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:


Start by explaining what you understand by regional disparity in India, list the causes in brief.


Discuss the following aspects –

  • Causes Responsible for Regional Imbalances – Historical Factors, Geographical Factors and most importantly the factors that often lead to social conflicts.
  • Substantiate the responsible factors with specific examples.
  • Suggest what needs to be done to overcome? – policy actions, government efforts, awareness, education ,special privileges to backward regions, affirmative action etc.


Conclude with importance of overcoming such regional disparities for the growth and development of the nation.