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World Happiness Report

Topics Covered:

  1. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

 

World Happiness Report

 

What to study?

  • For Prelims: Highlights, key findings and significance of the report.
  • For Mains: How is happiness related to governance, what needs to be done to increase the level of happiness among citizens?

 

Context: The United Nations has released the World Happiness Report- 2019.

 

Key findings:

  • The list is topped by Finland for the second year in a row.
  • The US ranks at 19th place despite being one of the richest countries in the world.
  • India figures at 140th place, seven spots down from last year.
  • People in war-torn South Sudan are the most unhappy with their lives.

 

About World Happiness Report:

The World Happiness Report is a landmark survey of the state of global happiness that ranks 156 countries by how happy their citizens perceive themselves to be.

  • It is released by the Sustainable Development Solutions Network for the United Nations by the UN General Assembly.
  • It ranks the countries of the world on the basis of questions primarily from the Gallup World Poll.

 

How is it measured?

It is based on a questionnaire which measures 14 areas within its core questions: (1) business & economic, (2) citizen engagement, (3) communications & technology, (4) diversity (social issues), (5) education & families, (6) emotions (well-being), (7) environment & energy, (8) food & shelter, (9) government and politics, (10) law & order (safety), (11) health, (12) religion and ethics, (13) transportation, and (14) work. The results are then correlated with other factors, including GDP and social security.

 

Significance:

Happiness has come to be accepted as a goal of public policy. And this discourse has given a fillip to a new narrative where the interconnections between law, governance and happiness are being searched.

Experiences from several nations confirm that the countries with higher GDP and higher per capita income are not necessarily the happiest countries and there exists a link between the state of happiness and rule of law.

 

Sources: the hindu.

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