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3) What do you understand by counter- urbanization? Discuss the factors responsible for counter-urbanization. (250 words)

Topic– Urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

3) What do you understand by counter- urbanization? Discuss the factors responsible for counter-urbanization. (250 words)

Timesofindia

Reference

Why this question:

Counter urbanization is a demographic and social process whereby people move from urban areas to rural areas. It first took place as a reaction to inner-city deprivation and overcrowding. Off- late urbanization process in India is witnessing counter – urbanization in its life cycle. Thus the question is important from the point of view of GS paper I.

Key demands of the question:

The question expects us to discuss what is the phenomena of counter- urbanization and the factors responsible for it.

Directive word

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Keywords:

quantitative deurbanization , ruralisation,  etc.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Briefly discuss the concept of urbanization vis-à-vis counter urbanization..

Body

The body of the answer should address the following dimensions:

  • Discuss mainly that the  counter-urbanization is predominantly used to describe a process of quantitative deurbanization that qualitatively increases urbanism in physically rural areas.
  • Explain the causes associated like – growth in information technology, increase in car ownership over the last 40 years; more mobility, New business parks on the edge of cities, More people tend to move when they retire etc.
  • Impact of such a phenomena, weigh the pros and cons associated.
  • Quote case studies from India.

Conclusion

Conclude as although counter urbanization is not without negative effects, a move towards counter urbanization, if not to degrading to rural lifestyles and environments, might be a great boon to overall rural development.

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