Topic : Disaster and disaster management.
7) Discuss the need for Disaster risk reduction in India. What are the challenges involved and explain the global efforts in this direction.(250 words)
Why this question:
An International Workshop on Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (IWDRI) has been organized by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) in collaboration with United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), and in partnership with the Global Commission on Adaptation, United Nations Development Programme and the World Bank. Thus the question is important from this point of perspective for GS Paper III.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss in detail the need for Disaster risk reduction in India, the associated challenges and way forward with special emphasis on global efforts in this direction.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start with importance of disaster management or quote a fact that signifies or highlights the same.
Define first what you understand by DRR, detail upon its significance .
Then explain the need for inclusive disaster risk management, discuss the factors holding back the process of risk reduction; the challenges involved.
Such questions are best answered with the aid of case studies.
Then move on to narrate global efforts in this direction – International Workshop on Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (IWDRI), 3rd Indo-Japan Workshop on Disaster Risk Reduction etc.
Suggest way forward.