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2) Municipal Solid Waste Management poses the utmost challenge in Urban planning. Comment. (250 words)

Topic– Urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

2) Municipal Solid Waste Management poses the utmost challenge in Urban planning. Comment. (250 words)


Why this question:

Urban areas have been recognized as “engines of inclusive economic growth”. However managing solid waste is one of biggest challenges of the urban areas of all sizes, from mega-cities to the small towns and large villages. The quality of waste management services is a good indicator of a city’s governance. Thus it becomes important for us to assess and analyse such a scenario from exam point of view.

Key demands of the question:

The question expects us to discuss the specific challenge of Municipal solid waste and how it is one of the biggest challenges concerning the Metropolitan planning in India.

Directive word

Comment –  here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon


Integrated Sustainable Waste Management System, global good practice in waste collection, Waste treatment and disposal, Waste Management and Governance etc.

Structure of the answer:


Briefly suggest – Solid waste management is a challenge for the cities’ authorities in developing countries mainly due to the increasing generation of waste, the burden posed on the municipal budget as a result of the high costs associated to its management, the lack of understanding over a diversity of factors that affect the different stages of waste management and linkages necessary to enable the entire handling system functioning.


The body of the answer address the following dimensions:

  • Quote facts that justify the menace of solid waste management, like Over 377 million urban people live in 7,935 towns and cities and generate 62 million tonnes of municipal solid waste per annum. Only 43 million tonnes (MT) of the waste is collected, 11.9 MT is treated and 31 MT is dumped in landfill sites.
  • Point at the flawed system of waste disposal and management.
  • Then move on to discuss what can be done ; concept of common waste treatment facility, technological advancement for processing, treatment and disposal of solid waste, long term urban governance strategies with renewed vision.


Conclude with importance of waste management in urban planning.