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3) “just and livable cities for all” as an alternative to “smart cities”  is the need of hour for India’s urban areas. Discuss. (250 words)

Topic– urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

3) “just and livable cities for all” as an alternative to “smart cities”  is the need of hour for India’s urban areas. Discuss. (250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

There are several challenges arising out of urbanization with basic necessities like water, housing, employment etc.. The problems associated with urbanization and associated solutions are very important discussions to be pondered over from mains point of view.

Key demand of the question:

The question expects us to examine the challenges arising out of urbanization are mainly  due to the muddled nature of urbanization itself, thus making urban areas to turn into smart cities doesn’t work out to be an efficient solution for the urban problems across the Indian cities.. We need to discuss the challenges as well and examine the steps taken by government in this regard and convey why it is more important to make cities livable and sustainable rather than aiming them to be smart cities..

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain the status of urbanization in India.

Body:

Discuss at a broader level, the role smart cities play in a country, give examples of countries which are rapidly developing due to the concept of smart cities. Then move on to discussing some of the key challenges arising out of urbanization in India such as – water shortage, environmental pollution, lack of infrastructure, lack of housing for poor, employment etc.

Examine the causes behind it. Then Explain how it becomes important for the Government to rather focus more on making cities livable and sustainable(Take leads from the article).

Discuss some of the steps taken by government in this regard and the pros and cons of such steps.

Conclusion:

explain that urbanization is a big challenge for Indian state with linkages to economy, society etc. and needs to be addressed; give a way forward.