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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 16 March 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 16 March 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic:  Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.


General Studies – 1


Topic:  Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times./ Social empowerment.

1) Discuss any three most popular embroidered arts from India, How can promotion of such art facilitate inclusion of women in the socio-economic aspects of India?(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is pertaining to art and culture inherently found in India , it is about the link between such a skill of the women members of the society and opportunity it provides them for their inclusion in the society.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss first some of the important and popular art of embroidery in India. Then move on to discuss how the art can act as a catalyst for women empowerment .

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Keywords:

Inclusion of women , women empowerment, Phulkari, Lucknowi,  chikankari, Zardosi etc.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

Briefly bring out the significance of art in India .

Body:

  • First discuss the popular embroidery art forms like –  Chikankari, Uttar Pradesh, Shisha or Mirrorwork, Gujarat and Rajasthan, Zardozi, Uttar Pradesh, Kashidakari, Jammu and Kashmir, Phulkari, Punjab, Toda embroidery, Tamil Nadu etc.
  • Then discuss how and why these art works can play a pivotal role in development of Women.
  • What should the govt. do to encourage these legacy art forms?
  • Quote policies that are in place to preserve and encourage such art.

Conclusion –

Reassert the significance of art – Embroidery and its importance for inclusion of women in Indian society.


Topic-Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

2) India’s female Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) has sharply declined over the last decade, despite being a period of high GDP and employment growth. Discuss why and what needs to be done to improve this condition ? (250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question:

Female labour force participation is one of the key drivers of growth and development, but however in recent  times the FLFP has declined despite growth in other indicators such as high GDP, employment rate etc. Thus it becomes imperative for us to prepare such a topic for GS paper I.

Key demands of the question:

The question must analyse the factors supporting the decline of the already low female labour force participation rate in India, particularly in a period of its rapid economic growth.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Keywords:

Female employment, unpaid  work, employability, self-employment and  informality, U-shape, occupational segregation, feminization U hypothesis.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

A good start can be made through some fact highlighting the importance of Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) among females in India.

Body

The body of the answer address the following dimensions:

  1. Reasons behind the low level of female LFPR(the structural factors), in comparison with other countries.
  2. Nature and Trends of female employment in India.
  3. What’s the main concern?
  4. What needs to be done to improve the conditions?

 

Conclusion

Conclude – unlocking the potential of women definitely requires an increase and shift in the composition of overall employment opportunities as well as questioning of societal strictures. As the country commends itself on world-leading economic growth and aspires towards trillion economy, it becomes necessary to take women along to make this goal a reality.


Topic– Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

3) Provide for a critical review of the age of criminal responsibility of juvenile in India vis-a-vis global scenario. (250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

The maximum age of criminal responsibility (MACR) for juveniles was set at 16 years recently, and the Juvenile Justice (Amendment) Bill made juveniles between ages 16 and 18 years who are charged with heinous offences to be tried as adults. Since then a deeper appreciation of children’s rights and understanding of their unique capabilities and experiences has been in question.

demand of the question:

This question seeks to examine the implications of the developments for understanding of  age of criminal responsibility of juvenile, and expects one to provide for a comparison and contrast between the Indian scenario and the world.

Directive word:

Critically review – When asked to review, you  have to examine the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Keywords:

Juvenile in conflict with law, Juvenile Justice Delivery System, Rights of Child, Protection, Treatment, Development, Rehabilitation etc.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start by suggesting that many reports have revealed that a significant proportion of juveniles who commit crimes in India come from economically and socially deprived backgrounds.

Body

Discuss the following in detail:

  • Trace the historical evolution of laws pertaining to Juveniles in India.
  • Discuss the recent cases such as – Delhi rape case, post which strong changes came into the Juvenile Justice system.
  • Compare the conditions , legislations in India with other countries, take your stand as to whether you agree or disagree.

Conclusion

conclude with significance of robust  Juvenile justice system in place to ensure the future of the youth and children in the country.


General Studies – 2


Topic : Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4) Discuss the Implication of the Festival of Innovation and Entrepreneurship 2019 that was held recently in India. What are the key challenges faced by entrepreneurs in our country? suggest some measures to address them.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The Festival of Innovation and Entrepreneurship was recently held at Grambharti near Gandhinagar in Gujarat. FINE is an initiative being systematized by Rashtrapati Bhavan in association with the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India and the National Innovation Foundation-India. The question thus becomes relevant from the point of paper – I.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must bring out the significance of the festival and the key challenges faced by entrepreneurs in the country and measures to address them.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Keywords:

Innovation, entrepreneurship, socio-economic development, science and innovation etc.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with the highlights of the Festival of Innovation and Entrepreneurship(FINE).

Body:

Discuss at a broader level, the importance of such events to encourage innovation in the country. How FINE will provide for a platform for innovators for building linkages with potential stakeholders to develop their ideas into implementable projects for the larger social good. It will provide a window to showcase creative and innovative solutions for social development through innovation emerging from grassroots, student ideas and other technologies.

Conclusion:

Conclude with optimism, India is at a turning point of innovation and such events encourage the spirit on innovation among the youth.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5) In the light of recently released Climate variability index for Himalayan states, Discuss the role of socio-economic factors in determining the climate vulnerability of a region.  (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is in the context of the recently launched Climate Vulnerability Index that has been developed as a common framework for assessment of climate change vulnerability in all the states in the Himalayan region. It is an index based on socio-economic factors, demographic and health status, sensitivity of agricultural production, forest-dependent livelihoods and access to information, services and infrastructure.

Key demand of the question

The answer should bring out the  significance of the index and vulnerability of Himalayan states and the need for a policy framework to address the challenges.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive, you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Keywords: Receding apple lines, changing cropping patterns, more disasters like landslides and floods, drying springs in hills, spread of vector-borne diseases etc.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

Explain briefly the context of these the index and its significance.

Body:

The answer must cover the following aspects:

  • The aims and objectives of the index, its importance for the  Himalayan states .
  • Discus mainly how socio economic factors play a major role in determining the climate vulnerability – provide for case studies of the Himalayan states.
  • Suggest what changes are required in the policy dimensions to address the current scenario.
  • Way forward.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of such assessment to India.


Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security. Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention

6) The recent terrorist attacks in New Zealand depict obvious dangers of hate, intolerance, and rising Islamophobia across the world. Do these incidents reflect rising sentiments of racism and intolerance into a perverse and murderous ideology? Critically examine. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question is in the backdrop of Christchurch shootings of New Zealand that portrayed an act of heinous  terrorist attack, manifesting Islamophobia and racist tendencies among people.

Key demand of the question:

The question must critically analyse the rising incidences of hatred in the name of Racism, hate and intolerance towards a community . One must analyse an extremist, right-wing, violent terrorist tendencies growing across the World.

Directive word:

Critically examine – When asked to critically examine, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Introduce with condemnation of suck attacks and as to how these incidences are a blot on humanity.

Body:

  • In brief discuss the incidence , explain how the incidence has cast a spotlight on the global scope of white supremacist rhetoric and violence.
  • Changing language of modern white nationalism and its impact.
  • Discuss that New Zealand and Australia have  had a long history of white supremacist policy and discourse in the past and  both of which the countries have yet not fully confronted.
  • Discuss the need for modern commitment to multiethnic democracy.
  • What needs to be done to resolve such sentiments and social outrage in the name of white supremacy and islamophobia.

Conclusion:

Conclude as – It is high time that the countries around the globe come together and come up with a strong policy against such unacceptable societal behaviors of intolerance and hatred.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic:  Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world

7) “Rawls’ theory of justice requires the advantaged to help the disadvantaged under circumstances in which the disadvantaged benefit more than the advantaged do themselves. Do you agree ? elucidate with examples. (250 words)

Why this question:

The question is in the context of Rawls’ theory of justice. It is about the applied aspects of the theory to the advantaged and disadvantaged of the society.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must analyze the Rawl’s theory of justice in detail – how the conception of justice is an inherent nature of our social as well as practical life. According to him, Justice is related to the social institutions which guide and mould the actions and ideas of social beings.

Directive word:

Elucidate – When you are asked to elucidate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question using examples.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain briefly background of the recent Balakot incidence.

Body:

Discuss briefly the following aspects – Elucidate upon the idea of “Justice” as propounded by John Rawls. The main theme of Rawls’ theory of justice is it is interpreted as fairness. According to John Rawls fairness denotes obligations. Obligation means an act which a person morally or legally is bound to do. Obligations are different from natural duties.

In the above question it is important to discuss how justice revolves around the disadvantaged, the weak being helped by the advantaged, the strong , powerful , one with resources by forgoing the advantages of thyself.

Such answers must be sufficiently substantiated with examples.

Conclusion:

Signify the importance of the Rawls theory .



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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