Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
5) In the light of recently released Climate variability index for Himalayan states, Discuss the role of socio-economic factors in determining the climate vulnerability of a region. (250 words)
Why this question:
The question is in the context of the recently launched Climate Vulnerability Index that has been developed as a common framework for assessment of climate change vulnerability in all the states in the Himalayan region. It is an index based on socio-economic factors, demographic and health status, sensitivity of agricultural production, forest-dependent livelihoods and access to information, services and infrastructure.
Key demand of the question
The answer should bring out the significance of the index and vulnerability of Himalayan states and the need for a policy framework to address the challenges.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive, you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Keywords: Receding apple lines, changing cropping patterns, more disasters like landslides and floods, drying springs in hills, spread of vector-borne diseases etc.
Structure of the answer
Explain briefly the context of these the index and its significance.
The answer must cover the following aspects:
- The aims and objectives of the index, its importance for the Himalayan states .
- Discus mainly how socio economic factors play a major role in determining the climate vulnerability – provide for case studies of the Himalayan states.
- Suggest what changes are required in the policy dimensions to address the current scenario.
- Way forward.
Conclude with importance of such assessment to India.