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7) India’s biodiversity-rich regions are fast  turning into ‘hotspots’ of human impacts. Evaluate.(250 words)

Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

7) India’s biodiversity-rich regions are fast  turning into ‘hotspots’ of human impacts. Evaluate.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article examines closely the recent study titled “Hotspots of human impact on threatened terrestrial vertebrates”, published in the journal PLOS Biology, that has reported human impacts on species occur across 84% of the earth’s surface. Thus analyzing the impact of human beings on biodiversity hotspots.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must provide for a detailed analysis of how with the growing and aspirational population, there is no doubt that there will be great pressure on forest areas in India and thus a no-go zone or a complete restriction on human activity, as suggested by the experts committee is an alarming yet a necessity step way forward.

of the current degradation of biodiversity hotspots in India mainly due to human impact.

Directive word:

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer:


Explain briefly the significance of Biodiversity hotspots, necessity of their conservation.


Discuss briefly the following aspects :

  • Human impact on biodiversity – exponential growth of population vs carrying capacity of Earth, impact on species richness and species diversity etc.
  • Human-mediated causes of biodiversity loss – Land-use change, pollution, Resource exploitation, introduction of alien invasive species , faulty agricultural practices etc.
  • Bring in an angle of human impact- Biodiversity and climate change.
  • Significance of ‘coolspots’ that act as refuges from threats.
  • Way forward.


Re- assert the need to conserve our biodiversity hotspots.