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6) Reports have suggested nearly 50% of the country is currently facing drought with at least 16% falling in the “exceptional” or “extreme” category, in the light of the above statement, Discuss the significance of ground water recharge. What are the challenges being faced in India with respect to it and what needs to be done. (250 words)

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6) Reports have suggested nearly 50% of the country is currently facing drought with at least 16% falling in the “exceptional” or “extreme” category, in the light of the above statement, Discuss the significance of ground water recharge. What are the challenges being faced in India with respect to it and what needs to be done. (250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

Groundwater is a critical resource whose comprehensive management is unconditionally essential. Various reports have pointed out the shocking drop in groundwater levels across the country. The issue compels us to inspect the causes behind this shortage and suggest steps to overcome the problems associated with the issue.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss upon the following points –

Scenario of acute shortage of groundwater in the country with facts and statistics justifying it. Examine the various factors that have led to this crisis

What are the challenges involved in providing for a solution and what needs to be done.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with the highlights of the above report, what it points to, and paint a picture of current conditions of ground water management in the country.

Body:

The answer should capture the following aspects:

  • The problem of groundwater shortage in India(the article discusses the management of river systems and their role in groundwater replenishment)
  • Examine the causes behind groundwater shortage under various heads – policy lacunae, overexploitation, lack of legal provisions, indiscriminate pollution etc.
  • Suggest ways to deal with the crisis. Quote from research articles, policy strengthening, legal provisions like groundwater management bill etc

Conclusion:

Re-stress on the importance of groundwater as a natural resource and the necessity to manage it well for our own good keeping into account the growing water crisis.

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