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5) Do you think giving farmers unconstrained rights to sell any quantity of their produce to anybody, anywhere and at any time can resolve the widespread agrarian distress in India? Discuss the need for a Kisan law in India. What are the challenges associated in bringing such a law? Suggest solutions.(250 words)

Topic: Agrarian crisis – Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints;

5) Do you think giving farmers unconstrained rights to sell any quantity of their produce to anybody, anywhere and at any time can resolve the widespread agrarian distress in India? Discuss the need for a Kisan law in India. What are the challenges associated in bringing such a law? Suggest solutions.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The Article talks about Kisan Swaraj – meaning freedom for farmers; mainly the freedom to sell any quantity of their produce to anybody, anywhere and at any time. In this context it becomes necessary to evaluate the policies and legal provisions available to the farmers in our country.

Key demand of the question

One has to detail about the measures that need to be taken in order to address the agrarian distress in the country. Discuss the specific issues; mainly with respect to market reforms in farming sector and role of the government in addressing it with a robust and powerful Kisan law.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive, you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

Explain briefly the statement, what it signifies and its importance.

Body:

The answer must cover the following aspects:

  • What are the critical issues associated with Agriculture; mainly the market related issues that are aggravating farmer distress.
  • Then move on to discuss the reforms already carried out for Agri sector such as with respect to MSP, crop insurance, irrigation, e-NAM etc and discuss how impactful they have been in terms of alleviating issues faced by the sector.
  • Then discuss the need for Farmer law, why and how it can bridge the gaps in policies and give the farmers freedom to exercise .

Conclusion:

Conclude with need to relook at the current available policies and how a unniform farmer friendly law giving her freedom can be a game changer.

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