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1) Compare and contrast Cavour and Bismarck as the architects behind Unification of Italy and unification of Germany respectively.(250 words)

Topic– Industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries,colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

1) Compare and contrast Cavour and Bismarck as the architects behind Unification of Italy and unification of Germany respectively.(250 words)

World history by Norman Lowe, World history NCERT

 

Why this question:

The question is in the context of a comparative analysis of Unification of Italy vs unification of Germany.

Key demands of the question:

The answer should provide for a close review of the role played by either of the leaders – Bismarck and Cavour as architects in the unification of their countries, special emphasis needs to be given on the concept of realpolitik; a political tactic characterized by the employment of practical, even when unethical and unprincipled, diplomatic and warring tactics to attain goals of national interest, such as unification.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with the significance of unification for both Germany and Italy.

Body

The body of the answer should narrate the comparison between the role of two leaders: Conte Camillo Cavour; was a minister president in Italy and was the architect and champion of the Italian unification. Otto Von Bismarck; was also a minister president during the unification of Germany and his policy of blood and iron won for Germany states, the independence and union of Germany.

Discuss the events in either cases in chronology and highlight the key differences.

Conclusion

Conclude with importance of their contribution as of even today.

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