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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 12 March 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 12 March 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic:  History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial
revolution, world wars.


General Studies – 1


Topic– Industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries,

colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

1) Outline the role of Simon Bolivar in the liberation of Latin America. What accounts for the collapse of Simon Bolívar’s project for “greater Colombia”? (250 words)

World history by Norman Lowe, World history NCERT

 

Why this question:

The question is from the category of decolonization, It is in the context of contributions made by Simon Bolivar in the liberation of Latin America.

Directive word:

Outline- here we have to trace the series of events with respect to the topic in question and conclude with its significance.

Key demands of the question:

The answer should provide for a close examination of the role played by Simon Bolivar in the liberation of Latin America and later quote the reasons that led to the failure of Simon Bolivar’s project for “greater Colombia”.

One must trace the events from Spanish colonies in North, Central and South America declaring independence from Spanish rule in the early nineteenth century.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with the significance of liberation of Latin America.

Body

Discuss the following aspects in the answer:

  • The causes or inspiration to the revolt.
  • The injustice of Spanish rule.
  • Fight for all rights by Simon Bolivar.
  • Gran Colombia (Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Panama) from 1819 to 1830.
  • Discuss the issues and challenges faced by him due to constant quarrels and rivalries among the leaders of the states.
  • Failure of Greater Columbia goal – causes and consequences.

Conclusion

Conclude with significance of Simon Bolivar.


Topic– Industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries,

colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

2) Propaganda can lead to cult leadership, and propaganda along with cult leadership could be dangerous for peace and stability within the country and for the world. Comment with reference to Nazism in Germany.(250 words)

World history by Norman Lowe, World history NCERT

 

Why this question:

The question is about the tools of Propaganda and cult leadership as traits that can damage the peace and stability of a nation or the world in a bigger picture. The question is in the context of Nazi rule of Germany that used these tools.

demand of the question:

The answer must address how Nazi propaganda facilitated the rapid rise of the Nazi Party to a position of political prominence and, ultimately, the control of a nation by the Nazi leadership, the focus of the answer should mainly be in explaining clearly the meaning of Propaganda and cult leadership.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Briefly define the concept of Propaganda and Cult leadership.

Body

Discuss the following in detail:

  • Narrate the backdrop of the rise of Nazi culture.
  • Use of techniques of propaganda—that include strong images and simple messages, discuss how Nazi propaganda idolized Hitler as a gifted statesman who brought stability, created jobs, and restored German greatness. 
  • Discuss the role of Personality cults of political leaders.
  • Relevance in today’s context.

Conclusion

conclude with what needs to be done with respect to propaganda and cult leadership; how to keep the two in check so as to have a world with peace and harmony.


Topic: Role of women and women’s organizationpopulation and associated issuespoverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

3)“Strong male patrons are required at every single level to drive the gender inclusivity agenda.” Elucidate in the context of India.  (250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article talks about gender equity; its importance and more importantly the role of Men in bringing gender equity in the societies.

Key demand of the question:

The question wants us to write in detail about the existing scenario of gender inequality in India and discuss the role of Men in establishing gender equity, with women as catalyst of change, role of men is as well a game changer in bringing out the relevance of gender equity.

Directive word:

Elucidate – means to explain and clarify the topic, make it clear with examples.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with the importance of the culture of inclusivity that can be institutionalized when it is driven from the top.

Body:

The answer should capture the following aspects:

  • Facts indicating the present condition of Women in India, the demographics etc.
  • Need for gender friendly policies.
  • importance of male sponsors in shaping the careers of women.
  • Indian scenario aspects of the question.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of gender inclusive organization with Male catalysts for gender equity.


TopicUrbanization, their problems and their remedies.

4) What do you understand by Urban Observatories?  Discuss the key features of recently launched India Urban Observatory and also explicate how will it augment the data smart cities policy of India?(250 words)

Pib

Why this question:

The question is in the context of recently launched state-of-the-art India Urban Observatory and Video Wall by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.

Key demand of the question

The answer must discuss in detail the concept of Urban observatories; significance and also the importance of the recently launched India Urban Observatory, its role in Smart cities policy of India.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

Briefly define and discuss the concept of urban observatory.

Body:

The answer should cover the following:

  • Concept of Urban observatory – initiated at the UN Habitat-II Conference in 1997.
  • Indian urban observatory – whereabouts, salient features.
  • Importance of smart cities.
  • Role of smart cities in development and growth.
  • Significance of Data Smart Cities strategy 

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of such initiatives in urbanization.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

5) A battle around data is the new obverse in the US-China trade war. Critically analyse the statement in the background of recent US-China trade wars.(250 words)

Livemint

 

Why this question:

The articles provide for a coverage of the recent US-China trade wars and the use of data as a new paradigm shift in it. It examines the role of Data in the context of Trade wars of today’s world.

Key demand of the question:

The answer should discuss primarily the role of data in a different role in analyzing the trends and aiding the Trade war strategies and approaches.

Directive word

Critically analyse – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

Briefly narrate the background of the recent China- US trade wars, discuss the importance of the data being analyzed by both the countries in the same context.

Body:

Discussion of the answer should cover:

  • What is the issue ? why is there a changing trend in the approaches to the Trade wars.
  • Importance of Data analysis; changing trends.
  • Facts proving the use of data – like Ghidra by NSA of USA etc.

Conclusion –

Conclude with what needs to be done, how countries should first set limits from overdoing it.


Topic  Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

 6) Do you think India will soon have to deal with the issue of delimitation of constituencies and increase the number of Member of Parliament seats to retain the representativeness of parliament essential to democracy? Discuss. (250 words)

Livemint

 

Why this question:

The article is in the background of upcoming Lok Sabha elections, it provides for a detailed analysis of the need for the delimitation in Indian Parliamentary system to ensure true democracy.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significance of Delimitation, its purpose, why was it paused, what is the current position, should India opt for another delimitation? Way forward.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with what do you understand by Delimitation and its purpose .

Body:

Discuss the following:

  • What is delimitation of constituency?
  • Importance of Richer regions contributing to the well-being of poorer regions, and the concept of redistribution modern democracies.
  • Indian scenario – what is the issue with delimitation? Population conflict.
  • What needs to be done?

Conclusion:

Conclude with the importance of the use of Delimitation in a democracy.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security. /Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges.

7) Discuss the need for a renewed attention on socio-economic re-integration of the Militants in the context of newly drafted Return Policy for militants in Jammu and Kashmir. What are the issues and concerns associated to it? Suggest some solutions to tackle the same.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The question is in the context of the new policy by Jammu and Kashmir government to encourage militants from the state to give up arms.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must provide for a detailed analysis of the proposed scheme as to how it is a revised version of earlier initiatives, but with a fresh focus on socio-economic re-integration.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain briefly the importance of encouraging militants to join the mainstream, emphasis on need for rehabilitation.

Body:

Discuss first the previous approaches to this problem, then move on to discuss the need for rehabilitation through a two-pronged approach including reformative measures and opportunities of livelihood. Explain why it is essential for the government to show its determination to reach out to alienated youth. Explain why successful implementation of a surrender policy is of utmost importance in Jammu and Kashmir.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


TOPIC: Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

8) Code of conduct is a forcible, quick-fix strategy. It reduces ethics to legality by directing on both the “lowest common values” and “consequences of deviations”. Discuss.(250 words)

Why this question:

The question is about code of conduct and its method of operation.

Key demand of the question:

The answer should elaborate on the importance of code of conduct, its method of functioning and its necessity in governance.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

Briefly discuss what you understand by code of conduct.

Body:

Body of the answer should discuss:

  • why code of conduct is a forced, coercive fixed strategy, and how it makes ethics more of a legality than mere morals or values.
  • the lacunae related to Code of Conduct.
  • One must weigh the pros and cons of having code of conduct that help and aid the governance processes.
  • Provide some suggestions to improve the effectiveness of Code of Conduct.
  • Substantiate your points with examples to justify better.

Conclusion –

Conclude with how the code of conduct though comes with inherent flaws of forcibility , its significance makes it inevitable in the process of governance.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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