Topic– Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
2) In what way did Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel get ahead in avoiding the evil consequences of the doctrine of lapse of paramountcy and in integrating Indian States? Examine.(250 words)
Bipin Chandra, modern India – NCERT
Why this question:
The question is in the context of role lead by Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel in integrating Indian States and dealing with the evils of paramountcy of doctrine of lapse.
demand of the question:
you should discuss how Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel took the charge post-independence and sensed the urgent and imperative need of in integrating Indian States, his tactics, broke the union of separatist Princes and by 15th August 1947, all except Hyderabad, Junagarh and Kashmir acceded to India.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Narrate the background of events – the declaration of doctrine of lapse of paramountcy by the Britain.
Elaborate on – Sardar Patel’s plan to integrate princely states ; Rapid Integration of States, Creating Unions out of States, Using Force at right time- when some states like Junagadh, Hyderabad, Travancore etc. wanted to join Pakistan or stay independent.
And Thus Patel avoided the evil consequences with his patience, quick decision making skills at right time to proceed the rapid integration of states.
conclude with the outcome and its effect on Freedom struggle.