Topic– Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
1) Discuss how the approach of Gandhiji and Pandit Nehru to the issue of Socialism as a goal of National Policy was different and also indicate the impact of their views on our Constitution and Government policy. (250 words)
Bipin Chandra, India after Independence
Why this question:
The question is about comparison of the methods of Gandhiji and Pandit Nehru and more so specifically with respect to Socialism as a goal of Nationalism and about how they have left an imprint on our constitution even today.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Key demands of the question:
The answer should highlight the approach of Gandhiji towards socialism as a goal of Nationalism and then Pandit Nehru’s views towards it and his approach. The answer must also bring out how today’s constitution also manifests their contributions towards the idea of socialism, and not only that but even in government policies.
Structure of the answer:
Start with importance of socialism as a goal of Nationalism then and today.
Discuss the different approaches of the 2 –
- The policy of Nehru was based upon the fact that there must be industrial development at all costs. Nehru wanted a country with Modern Large Scale Industries, while Gandhi, who was in favor of autonomous villages . Gandhi wanted village as an independent unit, while Nehru wanted it as a subordinate unit to a higher organization. Gandhi wanted a cottage based economy etc. then move on to discuss their impact on constitution – the socialist principles of the constitution that are enshrined because of them, and even the government policies of today. A good answer should have examples of both to justify better. For ex. The recent ban of liquor in Bihar was a socialist principle based policy as suggested by Gandhiji.
Conclude with how the image of the two has imprints in our society even today.