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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 02 March 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 02 March 2019

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Tomorrow’s Static Topic:  The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.


General Studies – 1


Topic The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

1) Mahatma Gandhi’s stride during the period of 1916 –1920 in accomplishment of  the technique of non-violent satyagraha accepted by the nation as a weapon of struggle against the British was unparalleled. Elucidate(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question:

The question expects you to assess the contributions of Mahatma Gandhi during the period of 1916 –1920 with primary focus on the utility of non-violent satyagraha as a powerful weapon against the British rule. You must justify how this approach was different from others’ and in what way it proved to be phenomenal.

Directive word:

Elucidate – means to explain and clarify the topic with the aid of examples.

Key demands of the question:

The answer should bring out the efforts made by Mahatma Gandhi in the Indian freedom struggle with special emphasis on the initial phase of the of his struggle through nonviolent Satyagraha.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

You can start by stating  how the conditions during this period had provoked Gandhiji and led him to reveal a sense of estrangement from the British Raj and thus taking charge of satyagraha struggle.

Body

Discuss the following aspects –

  • What was Gandhi’s concept of Satyagraha? What was his strategy?
  • influence of the works of Leo Tolstoy’s Civil Disobedience and Ruskin’s ‘unto to the last’ on Gandhiji.
  • Policy of Satyagraha
  • Causes of the struggle.
  • significant struggles- Champaran Satyagraha (1917), Ahmadabad Mill Strike (1918), Kheda Satyagraha (1918).
  • Associated events – Government of India Act, 1919, Rowlatt Act and Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (1919), Khilafat Movement etc.

Keywords: Ahimsa satyagraha, Non- cooperation movement .

Conclusion

Conclude  with importance of Gandhiji’s unmatched role in Indian freedom struggle.


Topic– The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

2) The Morley- Minto Reforms did not and could not deliver a rejoinder to the Indian problems. Explain. (250 words)

Bipin Chandra, modern India – NCERT

 

Why this question:

The question is in the context of Morley- Minto Reforms;  critique of its achievements for the betterment of India in the past and present.

demand of the question:

The question expects you to explain in detail the effects of Morley -Minto reforms as to how it could not and didn’t address the Indian problems. The reforms of 19O9 could not come up to the expectations of the Indians, what the people of India demanded was that there should be set up a responsible

government in the country. But the core of the reforms of 1909 was despotism and it was basically an attempt to create a constitutional autocracy.

Directive word

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the  particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Introduce by stating the features of the Morley Minto Act 1909 and the background in which it came into existence.

Body

Discuss in detail the following aspects –

  • Background of the Act.
  • Salient Provisions under it.
  • Detail on – Expansion of the Legislative Councils, Communal Representation and other key features.
  • Critical Analysis of the Act .

Conclusion

conclude with how the act turned to be an eyewash and an indirect effort of the British in establishing constitutional autocracy.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3) Discuss the salient features  of the Consumer Protection Bill, 2018. How far will it address the unfair trade practices? Critically analyse.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The  article brings out the merits of the recently introduced Consumer Protection Bill, 2018 in the parliament. It discusses in detail the provisions of the Bill.

Key demand of the question:

Provide the salient features of the bill, how is it different from its previous version; establishment of an executive agency — Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA), other provisions of the Bill including mediation, misleading advertisements and inclusion of imported products etc.

Directive word

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

Start by bringing out the importance of consumer protection in the country.

Body:  

Body should discuss the following broad aspects in detail –

Importance of the policy, key features, how is it different from the previous one, its link with the current changing trends of the market . various special features – establishment of Consumer Protection Councils at the district, state and national levels to render advice on consumer protection, — Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA), other provisions of the Bill including mediation, misleading advertisements and inclusion of imported products etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with how it is a better version of the previous one and thus should be brought into action as early as possible.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation./ Security challenges and their management in border areas.

4) The recent Pulwama attacks have exposed the gaps in our security systems and the urgent need to have a well- defined national security doctrine. However the recent act of the Government agencies to monitor computers have sparked privacy fears among the people. Critically analyse.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

Department of Science and Technology (DST) recently  launched National Mission on Inter Disciplinary Cyber Physical Systems  dealing with self-driven cars, autonomous unmanned vehicle and aircraft navigation systems.

Key demand of the question:

The main demand of the question is to analyse the debate of national security vs privacy of individual in the context of recent government’s step of monitoring computers in the name of national security.

Directive word:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Narrate the background of the Pulwama attack, failure of the Indian Intelligence to forecast.

Body:

Weigh the pros and cons of such an act, how there needs to be a balance between the two elements, one shouldn’t be compromised at the cost of the other.

Keywords:

Right to privacy, Checks and balances, Information Technology Act of 2000, Section 69 of IT Act, online monitoring etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion and discuss way forward.


Topic:  Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

5) Recently the Government of India introduced 10% quota for the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) among General Category candidates in government jobs and educational institutions. Should economic-status based reservations be extended to the SC,ST and OBC’s too to help correct the centuries-old wrongs on the lower castes?(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article provides for a close examination of the necessity of economic-status based reservations even for Dalits, as there are substantial inequalities even within Dalits. Thus In addition to the 15 per cent quota, the community should also have reservation based on socioeconomic criteria.

Key demand of the question:

One needs to address the needs of economic-status based reservations even amongst the vulnerable and backward sections of the society who are already being given caste based reservations as socioeconomic differentiation is as well pronounced in these communities.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

Discuss the significance of economic-status based reservations in India.

Body:

You must weigh the pros and cons of such a system of affirmative  action, what needs to be done? What are the imperatives? To what extent can reservation – caste based and socio- economic address the problems of weaker and poorer sections of the society? Should reservation be the only solution to fix the problem.

Conclusion –

Conclude with how reservation is only part of a solution and not a permanent fix to the vulnerability of the socially and economically weaker section and thus we must look for alternatives and an integrated approach .


General Studies – 3


Topic– Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing. Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

6) Discuss how the recently launched department of Fisheries in the union government will help in meeting the objectives of Blue Revolution in India? What are the challenges being faced by the sector? Suggest a way forward.(250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question:

The article is in the context  of formation of a separate department for fisheries in the Union government. It discusses how fresh policies have given a spurt  to productivity of fish farms.

Key demand of the question

The answer must address the following aspects –

  • Department of Fisheries and its effect on Blue revolution.
  • Challenges facing the sector
  • performance of this sector in India – past to present
  • what needs to be done?

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

Start with how Blue Revolution aims to recognize the potential and possibilities in the fisheries sector of the country by unlocking country’s latent potential through an integrated approach.

Body:

The body should cover – the scope and reach on creating an enabling environment for integrated and holistic development and management of fisheries for socio economic development of fishers and fish farmers. The importance of the department, it’s role, various schemes and policies of the government, what are the challenges in the sector, what needs to be done to make it a success.

Conclusion:

  • Conclude by relating it to the vision of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment .

7) The Tiger population in India has more than doubled in the past decade with focused conservation efforts , however man-Tiger conflicts have also been on the rise in India. Does this call for a rethink of conservation policies?  Examine. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article provides for an assessment of rising man-animal conflict and on how development projects in tiger habitats and the fragmentation of migration corridors have called for a rethink of conservation policies.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must first appreciate how the dedicated conservation policies have helped double the Tiger population in the past decade, however the policies have missed to take into account the limited habitat for the increased population leading to man-animal conflicts. You must analyse the current conservation policies, what needs to be done to manage the situation in the best interest.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with quoting some facts justifying rising population of the wild cats due to directed conservation programmes in the country. Also highlight the recent examples of man-animal conflicts.

Body:

Discuss the following :

  • Causes of Man-Animal conflict: specific to Wild cats
  • Impact of Man-Animal Conflict
  • Case-Studies like Tiger-Human Conflict- Pilbhit Tiger reserve,
  • Government Initiatives in this direction – Ministry of Environment and Forest and Climate Change Guidelines on Man-Animal conflict, Best International Practice etc.
  • What changes are needed in the current conservation policies to overcome the problem.

Conclusion:

Conclude with Environmental justice and man -animal harmony as the need of the hour.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic –  Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

8) What do you understand by ‘voice of conscience’? Narrate one incident in your life when you were faced with a crisis of conscience and could you prepare yourself to heed to the voice of conscience? (250 words)

 

Key demand of the question:

You are expected to come up with one good example of an ethical issue faced by you  that involved crisis of conscience and weather you could hear to the voice of conscience or not.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining what is conscience.

Body:

Depending on the example you  must first bring out the meaning of voice of conscience, explain what you understand by it. How do you prepare yourself to heed to the voice of conscience? And then relate it to ethical decision making and its importance.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of conscience in the society, at the individual level as rightly suggested in the quote –“ There is a higher court than courts of justice and that is the court of conscience. It supersedes all other courts.” –M K Gandhi.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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