Topic– The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
1) Mahatma Gandhi’s stride during the period of 1916 –1920 in accomplishment of the technique of non-violent satyagraha accepted by the nation as a weapon of struggle against the British was unparalleled. Elucidate(250 words)
Why this question:
The question expects you to assess the contributions of Mahatma Gandhi during the period of 1916 –1920 with primary focus on the utility of non-violent satyagraha as a powerful weapon against the British rule. You must justify how this approach was different from others’ and in what way it proved to be phenomenal.
Elucidate – means to explain and clarify the topic with the aid of examples.
Key demands of the question:
The answer should bring out the efforts made by Mahatma Gandhi in the Indian freedom struggle with special emphasis on the initial phase of the of his struggle through nonviolent Satyagraha.
Structure of the answer:
You can start by stating how the conditions during this period had provoked Gandhiji and led him to reveal a sense of estrangement from the British Raj and thus taking charge of satyagraha struggle.
Discuss the following aspects –
- What was Gandhi’s concept of Satyagraha? What was his strategy?
- influence of the works of Leo Tolstoy’s Civil Disobedience and Ruskin’s ‘unto to the last’ on Gandhiji.
- Policy of Satyagraha
- Causes of the struggle.
- significant struggles- Champaran Satyagraha (1917), Ahmadabad Mill Strike (1918), Kheda Satyagraha (1918).
- Associated events – Government of India Act, 1919, Rowlatt Act and Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (1919), Khilafat Movement etc.
Keywords: Ahimsa satyagraha, Non- cooperation movement .
Conclude with importance of Gandhiji’s unmatched role in Indian freedom struggle.