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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 20 February 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 20 February 2019

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Tomorrow’s Static Topic: salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.


General Studies – 1


Topic: social empowerment

1) The status of Indian women will see an upswing with more reservation for women in Indian parliament. Discuss. (250 words)

Livemint

Why this question

Ensuring proportional representation to women in parliament is seen by policy makers as a panacea to the issues surrounding women empowerment. On this parameter, while the debate in India has lingered on for a long time, no concrete action has been taken. The article examines these issues and is useful from a GS1 perspective.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the significance of enhancing participation of women in parliament, highlight how India stands in comparison to other countries. Thereafter we need to debate whether proportional representation to women in parliament will enhance the social status of women and finally discuss the way forward.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight that election to the 17th Lok Sabha is going to be held soon and the participation of women in parliament remains on shaky ground.

Body

  • Discuss the status quo of India in ensuring adequate representation to women in parliament – India ranks 153 out of 190 nations in the percentage of women in the lower house of world parliaments. According to a list compiled by the Inter-Parliamentary Union, Rwanda ranks first with 61% of its lower house representatives being women. As a region, Nordic countries are leaders with an average of about 40%. The UK and the US are relative laggards with 32% and 23%, respectively. The United States’ current tally, though still moderate, is bolstered by a very strong showing by women in the recent congressional elections. Even Pakistan with 20% participation from women is ahead of India. India had 65 women out of 545 members of Parliament (MPs) elected to the 16th Lok Sabha in May 2014, for a 12% representation.
  • Give your views in favour of the view that e enhancing women participation in parliament would ensure the upliftment of status of women. We can talk about the experiences of having reservation for women in local bodies and how it has ensured in bringing more power to the women
  • Also debate that merely enhancing participation of women is not enough, needs to be supported by a holistic range of steps
  • Highlight what can India do in this regard

Conclusion – Give your view and discuss way forward.


Topic – Social empowerment,

2) Quotas based on ethnicity cannot be welcomed, but their motivations need to be understood. Critically Examine.(250 words)

The hindubuisnessline

Why this question

With generating  employment proving to be big headache for the government, the demand of quotas by different communities is in news often. Such demands have entertained by government without the government giving a thought to dealing with the root cause of the problem. The article discusses these issues and suggest way forward.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to highlight the plethora of such demands made based on ethnicity and how state governments have responded. Thereafter, we need to do a critical analysis of the issue and discuss the root cause of the issue and what needs to be done about it.

Directive word

Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the recent Gujjar strike in Rajasthan and how it is symptomatic of a larger problem.

Body

  • Bring out the plethora of such demands and how government has responded – States such as Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh have mooted quotas for ‘locals’ in blue-collar private sector jobs. In 2008, Maharashtra announced reservations for locals in industries that avail themselves of government incentives
  • Discuss the rationale with which reservation has been introduced and whether it is right for the government to entertain such demands
  • Discuss what is the root cause of the problem and what needs to be done in this regard

Conclusion – Give your view and discuss way forward.


Topic– salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

3) With progressing of time and constant cultural exchanges the ceramics in India was enriched and evolved to many great art forms. Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the ceramic art of India- its history, how it evolved and into what art forms it got translated.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  Ancient Indian art. E.g mention the antiquity of ancient Indian art dating as far back as the neolithic age when first traces of it have been found and the kinds of arts practised then.

Body-

Discuss about the ancient Indian ceramic and pottery arts and its evolution through time.

  • Mention about the Indus Valley civilisation and that period have been found utensils made in materials such as quartzite and Flint which have been carved to adapt them better to more manageable and useful ways.
  • Draw attention from this period the black and Red pottery in Adichanallur and also in the Brahmagiri area; – Red ceramic, area of the Rajasthan Banas (Hematite);Grey pottery from the basin of the Ganges; Polished black pottery found in the area of Jariana and Delhi.
  • Several containers to hold grain and small seed in unglazed ceramic clay with little or no decoration have been found as well.
  • The Indo Valley ceramic’s style was extended by the whole area of South Asia and as the time was by influenced also the style of the entire region.
  • Ceramics in the form of cups, dishes for serving food and also some vessels with inscriptions in Indian writing (as the one of Ras al – Junayz) clearly show how important the ceramic and pottery was in the everyday life of this ancient civilization.
  • Mention about the glazed and unglazed kinds of ceramics.
  • Briefly discuss about the terracotta.
  • Mention paper mache art etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic-  salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

4) To and Indian folk artist, art is a lifestyle, woven into his or her many festivals & rituals. Discuss with examples.(250 words)

Reference

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to discuss about folk art in India in detail and along with proper examples illustrate its connection with the festivals and rituals of the artist.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  folk art in India. E.g mention the fields in which folk art is practised- paintings, music, dance, martial arts etc. and also the diversity of those arts across the country.

Body-

  1. Discuss the relationship of tribal and folk art with the festivals and rituals of the artist/ region. E.g mention their relationship with the agricultural seasons- sowing season, harvesting season; household ceremonies of marriage, birth; worship/ reverence for nature; religious occasions and sorships etc.
  2. Give examples of some prominent folk arts and illustrate your discussion held above. E.g
  3. Madhubani art of Bihar- predominantly reflects images from the epic story of the Ramayana. Prayer and meditation accompany the successful execution of a painting. Madhubani tattoos are a tradition of the Banjaras of Bihar, which began as a form of protection for the girls during the Mughal invasion.
  4. Warli artists are animists living in the rugged part of the isolated Sahyadri range. Their traditional art forms were in the past restricted to images of the mother-goddess and can be traced back to the Neolithic period. Their Tarpa dance reflects the cooperation of the villagers as they join hands and sway in quick circles to the steady bass drone of a wind instrument called the tarpa.
  5. Pattachitra style of painting is one of the oldest and most popular art forms of Odisha. Pattachitra is thus a painting done on canvas, and is manifested by rich colourful application, creative motifs and designs, and portrayal of simple themes, mostly mythological in depiction etc.

Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic-  salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

5) Discuss the contribution of Raja Ravi Verma towards Indian paintings. (250 words)

Reference

 

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the works of Raja Ravi Varma, his contribution towards

Indian paintings and his significance in the history of Indian art.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about Raja Ravi Verma. E.g Raja Ravi Varma was an Indian painter and artist, considered as one of the greatest painters in the history of Indian art.

Body-

Discuss in points, his works, significance and contribution. E.g

  • Raja Ravi Varma is known for his amazing paintings, which revolve mainly around the Puranas (ancient mythological stories) and thegreat Indian epics – Mahabharata and Ramayana.
  • Ravi Varma is one of the few painters who managed to accomplish a beautiful union of Indian traditionwith the techniques of European academic art.
  • This is one of the reasons why he is considered as one of the most, if not the most prominent Indian painters. Varma was also responsible in taking the Indian art all over the world with his impeccable technique.
  • While the Europeans and other art lovers admired his technique, the laymen of India enjoyed his work for its simplicity. More often than not, Varma’s paintings highlighted the beauty of South Indian women which were admired by all.
  • His portrayal of Hindu gods and goddesses went on to become worship material for many people belonging to the lower castes. Back then, these people were often forbidden from entering temples and thus they celebrated Varma’s works, for they gave them an idea of how the deities looked inside the temple.
  • He also managed to improve the artistic knowledge and spread the importance of art among Indian people. He achieved this by making affordable lithographs, which were accessible even to the poor.
  • Alternatively, this also made him a household name and Raja Ravi Varma soon captured the hearts of all.
  • Recognizing his feat, Viceroy Lord Curzon honored him with the Kaisar-i-Hind Gold Medal for his service in the furtherance of public interest
  • His paintings can be classified into three categories – portraits, portrait-based compositions and theatrical compositions based on myths and legends. It is the third category of paintings for which Raja Ravi Varma is most renowned etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic – Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges

6) Like Europe did with personal data, India will lead the way in reining in social media misinformation. Discuss. (250 words)

Livemint

Why this question

The article analyzes the necessity of recognising threat to the security and society as a result of social media and how India is taking the lead in reining in misinformation and fake news on social media. The issue deserves importance because social media poses a significant threat to national security in recent times and regulations are in the formative stage for this sector.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the issues involved with the rise of social media and lack of clear cut policies in this space. Thereafter , we need to highlight the policy advancements made in this regard and how India has been taking the lead in preventing spread of misinformation and fake news and threats emanating from the same. Finally we need to highlight the way forward.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain about the recent threats emerging as a result of social media.

Body

  • Explain what the issue is all about
    • social media organizations such as Twitter can choose to either throttle or promote specific content on their apps. The ability to do so would place these organizations on par with media houses that are involved in news promotion. Without this ability, they can claim to be solely platforms for social interaction and little else, with no responsibility for content. If, however, they are media houses, the rules of the game change significantly and they can be held accountable for the content their sites carry.
    • Discuss the spread of misinformation and fake news through social media and how it hampers security
  • Discuss the steps taken by Europe in this regard
    • Firms such as Facebook and Google have been subjected to scrutiny in the US, with their top brass being summoned by the US legislatures for hearings about their role in the spread of misinformation during the 2016 US presidential elections.
    • They have also been scrutinised in another realm: the use of personal data. Google has, just a couple of weeks ago, been fined $57 million by France’s data protection watchdog, known as the CNIL.
  • Discuss how India is taking the lead in preventing spread of misinformation. Thereafter explain about the parliamentary panel summoning twitter chief

 

Conclusion – highlight the sensitivity of the issue and discuss way forward.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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