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2) Quotas based on ethnicity cannot be welcomed, but their motivations need to be understood. Critically Examine.(250 words)

Topic – Social empowerment,

2) Quotas based on ethnicity cannot be welcomed, but their motivations need to be understood. Critically Examine.(250 words)

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Why this question

With generating  employment proving to be big headache for the government, the demand of quotas by different communities is in news often. Such demands have entertained by government without the government giving a thought to dealing with the root cause of the problem. The article discusses these issues and suggest way forward.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to highlight the plethora of such demands made based on ethnicity and how state governments have responded. Thereafter, we need to do a critical analysis of the issue and discuss the root cause of the issue and what needs to be done about it.

Directive word

Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the recent Gujjar strike in Rajasthan and how it is symptomatic of a larger problem.

Body

  • Bring out the plethora of such demands and how government has responded – States such as Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh have mooted quotas for ‘locals’ in blue-collar private sector jobs. In 2008, Maharashtra announced reservations for locals in industries that avail themselves of government incentives
  • Discuss the rationale with which reservation has been introduced and whether it is right for the government to entertain such demands
  • Discuss what is the root cause of the problem and what needs to be done in this regard

Conclusion – Give your view and discuss way forward.

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