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3) Critically analyze the progress made in creating a more efficient transport infrastructure in the country?(250 words)

Topic – infrastructure

3) Critically analyze the progress made in creating a more efficient transport infrastructure in the country?(250 words)

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Why this question

The article talks about the progress made in creating an efficient transport infrastructure in the country. One of the chief factors responsible for the takeoff of accelerated growth in the country is on account of poor quality of transport infrastructure. Progress made in this regard would have a key role on taking India to double digit growth. Hence this question.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out why focussing on strengthening the transport infrastructure of the country is important. Thereafter, we need to highlight the progress made and the issues still in strengthening the transport infrastructure of the country. Finally, we need to give our view on the progress made and discuss steps for further improvement.

Directive word

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight that investments in infrastructure equal to 1% of GDP will result in GDP growth of at least 2% as infrastructure has a “multiplier effect” on economic growth across sectors. Hence the government has focussed on strengthening the same.

Body

  • Highlight the reasons why focussing on transport infrastructure is critical (in brief)
    • Multiplier effect
    • Boost manufacturing thus assist in achieving targets under make in India
    • Enhance public investment and associated Benefits
  • Highlight the progresses made in creating an efficient transport infrastructure in the country
    • Talk about mega projects like Bharatmala and sagarmal
    • Pace of construction of roads and successful implementation of PPP projects
    • Measures taken to enhance road safety
    • Technologically sound projects undertaken etc
  • Discuss the challenges still
    • Highlight that Bharatmala project has been hit by delays and cost overruns as per an NHAI report
    • Implementing the kelar committee report for PPP sector removed several bottlenecks but challenges remain
    • Train routes remain crowded etc

Conclusion – give your view and discuss way forward.

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