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2) Examine whether the National Clean Air policy will help in restoring the air quality?(250 words)

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation

2) Examine whether the National Clean Air policy will help in restoring the air quality?(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

Air pollution has become one of the most stubborn urban challenge that India has to deal with year after year. A national policy for clean air was much required and the article delves deep into the details and an analysis of the policy. This question will help you getting better understanding of National Clean Air Policy.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to discuss the details of the policy, examine its need and evaluate how far the policy measures are effective in tackling this problem.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – 11/12 cities in most polluted list of WHO were in India. Quote the Lancet report. This reflects the magnitude of the problem and a policy in this regard couldn’t have come any sooner.

Directive word

  • Explain the details of the policy
    • Highlight that the policy acknowledges the severity and urgency of the problem
    • The National Clean Air Policy lays down the road map for Indian cities to clean up their act in the next five years.
    • Cities are declared ‘non-attainment’ if they consistently fail to meet the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for PM10 (particulate matter that is 10 microns or less in diameter) or Nitrogen Dioxide over a period of five years.
    • Covers various stakeholders such as ministries of road transport and highway, petroleum and natural gas, new and renewable energy, heavy industry, housing and urban affairs, agriculture, and health. Etc
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of the policy.
    • Highlight the markers of success such as clear target, drawing learnings from previous measures to tackle pollution etc
    • three-tier mechanism for review of monitoring, assessment and inspection for implementation” under which trained manpower and regular inspection drives will be ensured for “stringent implementation”.
    • Highlight the challenge of implementation

Conclusion – Give your view and discuss the way forward such as strengthening laws to give more teeth to the policy.

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