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Insights Daily Current Affairs + PIB: 12 February 2019

Insights Daily Current Affairs + PIB: 12 February 2019

Relevant articles from PIB:

Paper 2 and 3:

Topics Covered:

  1. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
  2. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.


India-Norway Marine Pollution Initiative


What to study?

  • For Prelims: Highlights of the initiative.
  • For Mains: Significance and the need for such initiatives, challenges ahead and measures necessary to curb marine pollution.


Context: The Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change has signed a Letter of Intent (LoI) with the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs to launch the ‘India-Norway Marine Pollution Initiative’.


India-Norway Marine Pollution Initiative:

  1. The Initiative will combat marine pollution, which is one of the fastest growing environmental concerns.
  2. Both countries will share experiences, competence and collaborate on efforts to develop clean and healthy oceans.
  3. Both the sides will jointly collaborate for sustainable use of ocean resources and growth in the blue economy.
  4. Through a range of implementing partners, this initiative will seek to support local governments in implementing sustainable waste management practices, develop systems for collecting and analysing information about sources and scope of marine pollution.
  5. They will also work towards beach clean-up efforts, awareness raising campaigns and pilot project using plastic waste as fuel substitution for coal in cement production.


Bilateral efforts in this regard:

In January, 2019, the Indian and Norwegian governments agreed to work more closely on oceans by signing a MoU and establishing the India-Norway Ocean Dialogue during the Norwegian Prime Minister’s visit to India in January.

A joint Task Force on Blue Economy with government officials, researchers and experts as well as private sector was established to develop sustainable solutions within strategic areas of the blue economy, such as maritime and marine sector in addition to energy sector.


Causes of marine pollution:

Major sources of marine pollution are the inflow of chemicals, solid waste, discharge of radioactive elements, industrial and agricultural effluents, man-made sedimentation, oil spills, and many such factors. The majority portion of the marine pollution comes from the land that contributes to 80% of the marine pollution, air pollution also carries pesticides from farms and dust into the marine waters.


Types of marine pollution:

  1. Eutrophication
  2. Acidification
  3. Toxins
  4. Plastics


Effects of Marine Pollution:

  1. The contamination of water by excessive nutrients is known as nutrient pollution, a type of water pollution that affects the life under water. When excess nutrients like nitrates or phosphates get dissolved with the water it causes the eutrophication of surface waters, as it stimulates the growth of algae due to excess nutrients.
  2. Most of Benthic animals and plankton are either filter feeders or deposit feeders take up the tiny particles that adhere to potentially toxic chemicals. In the ocean food chains, such toxins get concentrated upward. This makes estuaries anoxic as many particles combine chemically depletive of oxygen.
  3. When the marine ecosystem absorbs the pesticides, they are incorporated into the food webs of the marine ecosystem. After getting dissolved in the marine food webs, these harmful pesticides causes mutations, and also results in diseases, which can damage the entire food web and cause harm to the humans.
  4. When toxic metals are dumped or flown into the oceans through drains, it engulfs within the marine food webs. These can cause a change to tissue matter, biochemistry, behavior, reproduction, and suppress and alter the marine life’s growth.
  5. Marine toxins can be transferred to several animals feeding on the fish or fish hydrolysate as a meal, toxins are then transferred to dairy products and meat of these affected land animals.


Mains Question: Oceans are claimed to be ‘last frontiers’ of growth and development, however, this potential needs to be utilised in a balanced manner. In this backdrop, examine whether creation of Marine protected areas is in sync with India’s Blue economy strategy?

Paper 2:

Topics covered:

  1. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.


Constitutional and Legislative Measures to Protect and Safeguard Land Rights of Scheduled Tribes


What to study?

  • For Prelims: Overview of Constitutional and Legislative Measures to Protect and Safeguard Land Rights of Scheduled Tribes.
  • For Mains: Significance, need and performance of such measures.


Context: The Scheduled Tribes (STs) have been the most marginalized, isolated and deprived population.

To protect and safeguarding the land rights and other rights of Scheduled Tribes, following constitutional and legislative measure have been put in place:

“The Scheduled Tribes (STs) and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (OTFDs) (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006” to recognize and vest the forest rights and occupation in forest land to forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes.

“Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013” (RFCTLARR Act, 2013) safeguards against displacement of Scheduled Tribes.

“The Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996”, also provides that the Gram Sabha or the Panchayats at the appropriate level shall be consulted before making the acquisition of land in the Scheduled Areas or development projects and before resettling or rehabilitating persons affected by such projects in the Scheduled Areas; the actual planning and implementation of the projects in the Scheduled Areas shall be coordinated at the State Level.

Constitutional provisions under Schedule – V also provide for safeguards against displacement of tribal population because of land acquisitions etc. The Governor of the State, having scheduled Areas, is empowered to prohibit or restrict transfer of land from tribals and regulate the allotment of land to members of the Scheduled Tribes in such cases. Land being a State subject, various provisions of rehabilitation and resettlement as per the RFCTLARR Act, 2013 are implemented by the concerned State Governments.

“The Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987” provides for legal services to members of Scheduled Tribes.

“The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989” has been introduced to prevent the commission of offences of atrocities against members of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, to provide for the trial of such offences and for the relief of rehabilitation of the victims of such offences and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

Apart from the above, this Ministry being the nodal Ministry for the welfare of Scheduled Tribes, implements several schemes and programmes for upliftment and development of Scheduled Tribes in the country.


Mains Question: The Indian state has had special programmes for the Scheduled Tribes since even before Independence. Have they been successful in addressing discrimination against ST communities in India? Critically evaluate.

Paper 2:

Topics Covered:

  1. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.


‘GiveItUp’ campaign


What to study?

For Prelims and Mains: Key features and significance of the campaign.


Context: As on 06.02.2019, nearly 1.04 crore LPG consumers have voluntarily surrendered their LPG subsidy under ‘GiveItUp’ campaign.


About the campaign:

  1. ‘Give it Up’ scheme encourages well-to-do households to voluntarily give up their liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) subsidy so that it could be targeted to the poor who remain reliant on polluting cooking fuels such as wood, dung, crop residues and coal.
  2. The money surrendered under this movement will be utlised for poor to get LPG connection in rural as well as in urban areas who are still using firewood for cooking.

Paper 1 and 2:

Topics Covered:

  1. Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  2. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes.


Promotion and Protection of Maithili Language and its scripts


What to study?

For Prelims and Mains: Key facts on Maithili language and scripts, their significance and the need for protection and preservation.


Context: A committee constituted for making a report for the Promotion and Protection of Maithili Language and its scripts, has submitted its report to MHRD in which it has made several recommendations for promotion and protection of Maithili language.


Important recommendations of the committee are as follows:

  1. To establish a Script and Manuscript Centre at Darbhanga in any one of the Universities viz. Kameshwar Singh Sanskrit University or Lalit Narayan Mithila Unviersity.
  2. Early completion of the work pertaining to Unicode Scripts of Mithilakshar by Technology Development of Indian Languages (TDIL) and
  3. To prepare audio-visual teaching materials for teaching the Mithilakshar scripts.



  • Mithilakshar or Tirhuta is the script of broader cultural Mithila. It is an extremely ancient script and is one of the scripts of the broader North Eastern India.
  • The scripts of Mithilaksar, Bangla, Assamese, Nebari, Odia and Tibetan are part of the family.
  • Mithilakshar had come to its current shape by 10th Century AD. The oldest form of Mithilakshar is found in the Sahodara stone inscriptions of 950 AD. Afterwards, the scripts has been used throughout Mithila from Champaran to Deoghar.


Need for protection:

Use of this script has been on decline since last 100 years and therefore our culture is getting decimated. Because its own script is not being used, the Maithili language is getting developed in a composite manner despite having been accorded a constitutional status in the constitution.

Paper 3:

Topics Covered:

  1. Infrastructure- energy related issues.


“Light House Projects challenge”


What to study?

  • For Prelims: About Light House Projects challenge and GHTC- India- key facts.
  • For Mains: Significance and rationale behind these challenges.


Context: The Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs has instituted a challenge for States/ UTs to select six sites across the country for constructing the Lighthouse projects under GHTC-India.


Key facts:

  1. The winning six States/ UTs that score the highest marks across the prescribed criteria will be awarded lighthouse projects.
  2. The States/ UTs will receive Central Assistance to construct these projects as per PMAY (U) guidelines.
  3. In addition to this, a Technology Innovation Grant (TIG) for the States/ UTs is provisioned to offset the impact of any additional cost implication due to the use of new technology and to absorb the issues related to economies of scale and other related factors.
  4. The selected sites for lighthouse projects will be used as an ‘open laboratory’ for live demonstration and will receive due attention from academia (Civil Engineering, Planning, Architecture), practitioners (Public/ Private), policy makers (Central/ State) and media apart from felicitation/ recognition in Grand Expo-cum-Conference.


“Global Housing Technology Challenge-India (GHTC- India)”:

The Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs has already launched a “Global Housing Technology Challenge-India (GHTC- India)”.

The challenge has three components viz. i) Conduct of Grand Expo-cum-Conference, ii) Identifying Proven Demonstrable Technologies from across the globe and iii) Promoting Potential Technologies through the establishment of Affordable Sustainable Housing Accelerators- India (ASHA-I) for incubation and accelerator support.

Paper 2:

Topics Covered:

  1. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.


Defence Innovation Hubs


What to study?

  • For Prelims: About iDEX and DIHs.
  • For Mains: Objectives and their significance.


Context: The Defence Innovation Organisation set up under Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX) framework has announced setting up of two Defence Innovation Hubs (DIHs) in Tamil Nadu (Coimbatore) and Maharashtra (Nashik).


About Defence Innovation Hubs (DIHs):

  1. The Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX) framework of the Government envisages setting up and managing independent Defence Innovation Hubs (DIHs).
  2. These DIHs will serve as platforms where innovators can get information about needs and feedback from the Services directly and create solutions for India’s major defence platforms. This structure is also geared towards attracting more innovators to work for the defence sector in India.


The Framework to Fund Defence Innovation Hubs under iDEX, approved by the Board of Defence Innovation Organisation (DIO) prescribes the following minimum criterion for setting up Defence Innovation Hubs:

Any Central Government recognized Incubator including but not limited to:

  1. Department of Science and Technology (DST) recognized Incubators.
  2. Atal Innovation Mission, NITIAayog created Atal Incubation Centers (AICs) and Established Incubation Centers (EICs).
  3. Ministry of MSME recognized incubators.
  4. Any other incubator recognized or funded through any Central government scheme.
  5. The incubator located in districts mentioned in the list of SME clusters hosted by the Ministry of MSME in collaboration with UNIDO.
  6. Incubator / Hub promoted by local industry associations.

Paper 2:

Topics Covered:

  1. Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.


National Productivity Week


What to study?

  • For Prelims: National Productivity Council (NPC) and National Productivity week.
  • For Mains: Significance of National productivity week and objectives and role of NPC.


Context: National Productivity Council (NPC), an autonomous registered society under Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce & Industry, NPC is celebrating its 61st Foundation Day on 12th February with the theme “Circular Economy for Productivity & Sustainability”.

NPC observes foundation day as Productivity Day and the National Productivity Week from February 12-18, 2019. 


Significance of the theme:

This year theme represents a unique opportunity for circular business model for Make à Use à Return. It presents an opportunity for long term economic prospects and regeneration of materials.

Transitioning to an efficient circular economy will benefit industry and all stakeholders now and in future.


What is circular economy and why is it important?

  1. The circular economy follows the principle of preservation and enhancement of natural capital by controlling finite stocks and balancing renewable resource flows. The other principles suggest optimizing of resource yields by circulating products, components, and materials at their highest utility at all times, in both technical and biological cycles.
  2. Circular economy has the potential to increase productivity and create jobs, whilst reducing carbon emissions and preserving valuable raw materials.
  3. It provides for a way of creating value. It works by extending product life span through improved design and servicing and relocating waste from the end of the supply chain to the beginning – in effect, using resources more efficiently by using them over and over.


About NPC:

NPC is national level organization to promote productivity culture in India.

Established by the Ministry of Industry, Government of India in 1958.

It is an autonomous, multipartite, non-profit organization with equal representation from employers’ & workers’ organizations and Government, apart from technical & professional institutions and other interests.

NPC is a constituent of the Tokyo-based Asian Productivity Organisation (APO), an Inter Governmental Body, of which the Government of India is a founder member.

Functions: NPC teams up with its clients to work out solutions towards accelerating productivity, enhancing competitiveness, increasing profits, augmenting safety and reliability and ensuring better quality. It provides reliable database for decision-making, improved systems and procedures, work culture as well as customer satisfaction both internal & external.

Paper 2:

Topics Covered:

  1. Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.


Akshaya Patra Foundation


What to study?

  • For Prelims: About Midday meals scheme and Akshaya Patra foundation.
  • For Mains: Features, need and significance of the scheme, performance analysis of the scheme.


Context: Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently unveiled a ceremonial plaque to mark the serving of “3rd billionth meal” by Akshaya Patra Foundation at Vrindavan Chandrodaya Mandir campus.


About Akshaya Patra:

Funded by International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), Akshaya Patra is a Bengaluru-based not-for-profit organisation that works with the government on mid-day meal schemes. It has a state-of-the-art kitchen in Vrindavan.

Today, Akshaya Patra is the world’s largest (not-for-profit run) Mid-Day Meal Programme serving wholesome food every school day to over 1.76 million children from 14,702 schools across 12 states in India.

Paper 3:

Topics Covered:

  1. Infrastructure- energy.


National Gas Grid


What to study?

For Prelims: National Gas Grid- objectives, need and significance.


Context: The Union Government has envisaged the development of the National Gas Grid.


The objectives of the National Gas Grid are:

  1. To remove regional imbalance within the country with regard to access for natural gas and provide clean and green fuel throughout the country.
  2. To connect gas sources to major demand centres and ensure availability of gas to consumers in various sectors.
  3. Development of City Gas Distribution Networks in various cities for the supply of CNG and PNG.



The National Gas Grid together with providing gas connections to households will provide better infrastructure for automobiles using gas. The National Gas Grid will also aid in renewing of the fertilizer sector and also give a boost to the Power and Automotive sector.

Relevant articles from various News Papers:

Paper 2:

Topics Covered:

  1. Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  2. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.


Rajasthan to scrap education criterion


What to study?

  • For Prelims: Key features of 73rd and 74th
  • For Mains: Minimum education criteria- issues, need, concerns and analysis.


Context: The Rajasthan Assembly has passed two Bills which seek to end the minimum education criterion for panchayat and civic poll candidates– Rajasthan Panchayati Raj (Amendment) Bill, 2019 and the Rajasthan Municipality (Amendment) Bill, 2019.


What’s the issue?

The education criteria was introduced by the previous government, which stipulated that for contesting the zila parishad or panchayat samiti polls, a contestant must have a minimum qualification of secondary education (Class X).

To contest the sarpanch elections, an aspirant from the general category must have passed Class VIII and a SC/ST aspirant must have passed Class V.


Why has it been scrapped?

  • Few experts are of the opinion that the requirement of minimum qualification for contesting elections is against the very spirit of 73rd and 74th amendments.
  • It also violates the right of every citizen to vote and to contest elections, which form the basic structure of the constitution.

It may be noted here that due to these restrictions, many able candidates were debarred from contesting elections. In one way, it can be said that this law has prevented many people from coming to the mainstream.


What has the Supreme Court said in this regard?

Even Haryana had passed a similar law mandating minimum education qualification for those contesting in Panchayat Raj Institutions. The constitutional validity of this law of Haryana was questioned in the Supreme Court.

The Supreme Court had upheld the constitutional validity of the law enacted by Haryana government to bar the illiterate from contesting panchayat polls in the state. The Supreme Court had ruled that “it is only education which gives a human being the power to discriminate between right and wrong, good and bad”.

The Supreme Court’s interpretation is based on the fact that uneducated or illiterate people getting elected to the local bodies can easily be misled by officials if they don’t know to write and read. In such cases, administrative actions that they are going can pose many challenges. The Court has further observed that it is only the education which can give people the power to differentiate between right and wrong, and good and bad.



Rajasthan Literacy Rate 2011: Literacy rate in Rajasthan has seen upward trend and is 66.11 percent as per 2011 population census. Of that, male literacy stands at 79.19 percent while female literacy is at 52.12 percent. In 2001, literacy rate in Rajasthan stood at 60.41 percent.


Sources: the hindu.


Mains Question: “Laws prescribing educational qualifications for contesting elections are undemocratic and incoherent.” Comment.

Paper 2:

Topics Covered:

  1. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.


Bill to counter exploitation by NRI spouses


What to study?

  • For Prelims: Key features of the bill.
  • For Mains: Concerns present and the need for a legislation on this.


Context: In a bid to counter growing incidents of exploitation of Indian women by NRI (Non Resident Indian) spouses, the government has introduced a Bill in the Rajya Sabha.


Highlights of the Bill:

  • The Bill is aimed at prevent victimisation of Indian nationals in fraudulent marriages.
  • The Bill will create accountability and protect those who are trapped in fraudulent marriages and are abandoned by their spouses.
  • According to the new Bill, a marriage between an NRI and an Indian citizen will have to be registered within 30 days from the date of marriage.
  • Necessary legal provisions have been created in the criminal code and the Passports Act, 1967, to initiate action against erring NRI spouses.


What necessitated this?

The introduction of the Bill was necessitated by the Ministry of External Affairs due to numerous complaints received from Indian nationals, mostly women deserted or harassed by their Non-Resident Indian spouses. It is expected that the Bill will serve as a deterrent for NRI spouses, who use marriages as a tool of exploitation.


Sources: the hindu.

Paper 2:

Topics Covered:

  1. Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.


LAWASIA Human Rights Conference


What to study?

For Prelims and Mains: LAWASIA and Human Rights Conference organized by it- objectives, significance and challenges highlighted, measures to address them.


Context: The first LAWASIA Human Rights Conference was organised by LAWASIA, in association with the Bar Association of India recently.

The conference aims to provide a unique opportunity for lawyers and associated professional members to exchange insights and expertise on topics of significant importance to all.

Theme: “State Power, Business and Human Rights: Contemporary Challenges”.


The conference explored a wide range of human rights issues of relevance in the Asia Pacific region.



  1. It is a regional association of lawyers, judges, jurists and legal organisations and it advocates for the interests and concerns of the Asia Pacific legal profession.
  2. It provides a platform to promote the cross-jurisdictional exchange of legal knowledge; as a voice of the legal profession; and as a conduit for encouraging adherence to mutually-held principles of the rule of law, professional integrity and the protection of human rights.


Sources: toi.

Paper 2:

Topics Covered:

  1. Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.


African Union


What to study?

For Prelims and Mains: AU- objectives, composition, functions and significance.


Context: Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi has taken over as the chair of the African Union (AU). The post of AU’s chair rotates annually between the five regions of the continent.


About AU:

  • The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of 55 countries of the continent of Africa, with exception of various territories of European possessions located in Africa.
  • The bloc was founded on 26 May 2001 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and launched on 9 July 2002 in South Africa.
  • The intention of the AU is to replace the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), established on 25 May 1963 in Addis Ababa by 32 signatory governments.
  • The most important decisions of the AU are made by the Assembly of the African Union, a semi-annual meeting of the heads of state and government of its member states.
  • The AU’s secretariat, the African Union Commission, is based in Addis Ababa.

Key objectives: To achieve greater unity and solidarity between the African countries and Africans. To defend the sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of its Member States. To accelerate the political and social-economic integration of the continent.


Sources: the hindu.

Paper 1:

Topics Covered:

  1. History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.


40th anniversary of Iran revolution


What to study?

For Prelims and Mains: Overview of Iran revolution, causes and effects.


Context:  Iran marks 40th anniversary of Islamic revolution.


About the Iranian Revolution:

Iranian Revolution, also known as Islamic Revolution or the 1979 Revolution, was a series of events involving the overthrow of the monarch of Iran, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, and replacing his government with an Islamic republic under the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, a leader of one of the factions in the revolt.

The reason for the revolution was to stop the oppression under the western secular policies.

The movement against the United States-backed monarchy was supported by various leftist and Islamist organizations and student movements.

Outcome: A multiclass opposition overthrew an autocratic ruler, leading to the establishment of a theocratic state. This outcome contrasts sharply with other modern revolutionary movements, which have been fought in the name of nationalism or socialism and which have concluded with the transfer of power to a secular, modernizing intelligentsia.


Sources: the hindu.

Facts for Prelims:


DRDO’s ‘Dare to Dream’ contest:

Context: The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has launched ‘Dare to Dream’, a contest to encourage startups and individuals to come up with innovative defence and aerospace technologies.

  • Applicants are invited to send innovative, workable proposals that can impact various related domains. The winning entries, which should specify the plan of executing it into a prototype, stand to get one of five prizes ranging from ₹3 lakh to ₹10 lakh in two categories.
  • The military R&D organisation has asked for solutions in the areas of Artificial Intelligence, Autonomous Systems, Cybersecurity, Hypersonic Technologies, Smart Materials, Quantum Computing, and Soldier as a System.


‘Sarthi Sandesh Vahini’:

Context: Uttar Pradesh has launched ‘Sarthi Sandesh Vahini’ mission.

  • The ‘Sarthi Sandesh Vahini’ is a mission started by the state family welfare department with an aim to spread awareness regarding family planning in urban and rural areas.
  • Under this campaign, vehicles will provide family planning information to the viewers through various documentaries and films.

Summaries of important Editorials:


Time to raise the bar



Summary: The editorial discusses about the issue of post- retirement jobs taken up by the judges, concerns expressed over such jobs, how it could affect independence of the judiciary and the viable solution.


What’s the concern?

  • Judges accepting a post offered by the government post their retirement.
  • The practice of a judge looking forward to accepting employment under the government after retirement was undesirable as it could affect the independence of the judiciary.
  • If retired judges are appointed to head tribunals constituted by government, it may result in decisions being influenced if the Government itself is a litigant and appointment authority at the same time.


Views of Law Commission:

Law commission has categorically denounced the proclivity of judges accepting post-retirement jobs sponsored by governments and called for an end to it.


What the data say?

In a study, the Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy pointed out that as many as 70 out of 100 Supreme Court retired judges have taken up assignments in the National Human Rights Commission of India, National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission, Armed Forces Tribunal, and the Law Commission of India, etc.


What’s the way out then?

The valuable experience and insights that competent and honest judges acquire during their period of service cannot be wasted after retirement.

Unlike abroad, a judge of the higher judiciary in India retires at a comparatively young age and is capable of many more years of productive work.

  1. The viable option is to expeditiously establish, through a properly enacted statute, a commission made up of a majority, if not exclusively, of retired judges to make appointments of competent retired judges to tribunals and judicial bodies.
  2. Its time to put in place a process to regulate post-retirement appointments for judges. Such a process must sufficiently insulate the judiciary from the charge of being a recipient of government largesse.