- History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
40th anniversary of Iran revolution
What to study?
For Prelims and Mains: Overview of Iran revolution, causes and effects.
Context: Iran marks 40th anniversary of Islamic revolution.
About the Iranian Revolution:
Iranian Revolution, also known as Islamic Revolution or the 1979 Revolution, was a series of events involving the overthrow of the monarch of Iran, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, and replacing his government with an Islamic republic under the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, a leader of one of the factions in the revolt.
The reason for the revolution was to stop the oppression under the western secular policies.
The movement against the United States-backed monarchy was supported by various leftist and Islamist organizations and student movements.
Outcome: A multiclass opposition overthrew an autocratic ruler, leading to the establishment of a theocratic state. This outcome contrasts sharply with other modern revolutionary movements, which have been fought in the name of nationalism or socialism and which have concluded with the transfer of power to a secular, modernizing intelligentsia.
Sources: the hindu.